Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Macedonia
The Republic of Macedonia was one of the six republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until its dissolution in 1991. Despite the relatively painless secession, when compared to some other parts of the former Yugoslavia, the interethnic tensions between the two most dominant communities (Macedonians and Albanians) culminated into an armed conflict in 2001 which ended with a constitutional redesigning of the state. The country was admitted to the United Nations as “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” in 1993, following a strong Greek campaign against the use of the name “Macedonia” because Greece has a region named Macedonia in the northwestern part of its territory. The name dispute became a major stumbling block for the country’s Euro-Atlantic integration. Politically, the country has been a defective democracy, characterized by an unstable electoral regime, deficient implementation of the rule of law and of horizontal accountability, and the existence of...
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