Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Poland
- 55 Downloads
The changes in society and economy in Poland in the last two decades have been as fundamental as the changes in higher education. The growth in the proportion of the population with completed higher education programs, as illustrated by the difference between 25–34 year olds (43% in 2015) and 55–64 year olds (14%), was the most substantial change brought about by the development of the Polish higher education system following 1989. This substantial generational difference in qualification levels shows the scale of change in tertiary educational opportunities between the communist era of the 1980s and the massification era in the post-1989 period.
In this chapter, we use a demographics-induced massification trend as the main point of reference for understanding the most important phenomena that shaped the higher education system and its institutions (governance, funding, and the academic profession). The rise and fall of student enrollments within the system is thus a...
KeywordsPerformance-based Research Funding Systems Polish Higher Education System Basic Academic Units Kejner Soft Fields
The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Research Council (NCN) through its grant (UMO-2013/10/M/HS6/00561).
- Antonowicz, D. 2016. Digital players in an analogue world: Higher education in Poland in the post-massification era. In Access and expansion post-massification. Opportunities and barriers to further growth in higher education participation, ed. B. Jongbloed and H. Vossensteyn, 63–81. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Białecki, I., and M. Dąbrowa-Szefler. 2009. Polish higher education in transition: Between policy making and autonomy. In Structuring mass higher education: The role of elite institutions, ed. D. Palfreyman and D.T. Tapper. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Cole, J.R., and S. Cole. 1973. Social stratification in science. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Fulton, O., P. Santiago, Ch. Edquist, E. El-Khawas, and E. Hackl. 2007. OECD reviews of tertiary education. Poland: OECD.Google Scholar
- GUS. 2017. Higher education institutions and their finances in 2016. Warsaw: GUS (Central Statistical Office). (and previous editions).Google Scholar
- Kulczycki, E. 2017. Assessing publications through a bibliometric indicator: The case of comprehensive evaluation of scientific units in Poland. Research Evaluation 16 (1): 41–52.Google Scholar
- Kwiek, M. 2016a. De-privatization in higher education: A conceptual approach. Higher Education: 74(2): 259–281.Google Scholar
- Kwiek, M. 2016b. From privatization (of the expansion era) to de-privatization (of the contraction era). A national counter-trend in a global context. In Higher education, stratification, and workforce development. Competitive advantage in Europe, the US and Canada, ed. S. Slaughter and B.J. Taylor, 311–329. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kwiek, M. 2017. A generational divide in the polish academic profession. A mixed quantitative and qualitative approach. European Educational Research Journal 16(5): 645–669.Google Scholar
- Kwiek, M. 2018. High research productivity in vertically undifferentiated higher education systems: Who are the top performers? Scientometrics. 115(1): 415–462.Google Scholar
- NCN (2017). National Research Council (Narodowe Centrum Nauki) database. https://www.ncn.gov.pl/. Last accessed 17 May 2017.
- Szczepański, J. 1974. Higher education in Eastern Europe. New York: International Council for Educational Development.Google Scholar
- Teichler, U., and E.E. Höhle, eds. 2013. The work situation of the academic profession in Europe: Findings of a survey in twelve countries. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Wolszczak-Derlacz, J., and A. Parteka. 2010. Scientific productivity of public higher education institutions in Poland. A comparative bibliometric analysis. Warsaw: Ernst and Young.Google Scholar
- World Bank. 2004. Tertiary education in Poland. Warsaw: World Bank/European Investment Bank.Google Scholar
- Woźnicki, J., ed. 2013. Financing and deregulation in higher education. Warsaw: Institute of Knowledge Society.Google Scholar
- Yudkevich, M., P.G. Altbach, and L.E. Rumbley, eds. 2015. Young faculty in the twenty-first century. International perspectives. Albany: SUNY Press.Google Scholar