Global Trends in Student Mobility

  • Christine Farrugia
  • Rajika BhandariEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_231-1

Introduction

Global student mobility has played a role in universities from their beginnings, and the movement of students, scholars, and knowledge has shaped the higher education landscape worldwide. It was foreign students in Bologna who banded together in 1088 to hire faculty to teach them, thereby forming the world’s first university (Ruegg 1992). In modern times, student mobility has accelerated quickly. In the twenty-first century, the number of higher education students studying outside their home countries nearly doubled from 2.1 million students in 2001 to 4.1 million students in 2016 (UNESCO 2017). Many factors account for the fast pace of this growth, including expanding middle classes in countries around the world and the demand for a world-class education, the increasing value of international education in the global workforce, and strategic efforts by governments to bolster both their economies and soft power through international efforts. At the institutional level,...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of International EducationNew YorkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Hans de Wit
    • 1
  • Laura E. Rumbley
    • 2
  • Fiona Hunter
    • 3
  • Lisa Unangst
    • 4
  • Edward Choi
    • 5
  1. 1.Center for International Higher EducationBoston CollegeBostonUSA
  2. 2.Center for International Higher EducationBoston CollegeChestnut HillUSA
  3. 3.Centre for Higher Education InternationalisationUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreMilanItaly
  4. 4.Center for International Higher EducationBoston CollegeChestnut HillUSA
  5. 5.Center for International Higher EducationBoston CollegeChestnut HillUSA