Internationalization of Higher Education, European Policies
Internationalization in higher education has been defined in different ways over the years. Jane Knight, one of the foremost researchers in this field, provided the following definition: “Internationalization at the national, sector, and institutional levels is defined as the process of integrating an international, intercultural, or global dimension into the purpose, functions or delivery of postsecondary education” (Knight 2003).
The European Commission has a number of internationalization policies, including (1) “policy dialogues” with specific regions and countries to promote European higher education, support partners outside the EU, and support the international exchange of good practice; (2) “European higher education in the world,” which promote mobility and cooperation between EU and non-EU countries; and (3) “Making the EU more attractive for foreign students” by promoting such activities as joint...
- de Wit, Hans, Hunter Fiona, Howard Laura, and Eva Egron-Polak. 2015. Internationalisation of higher education. Brussels/Strasbourg: European Parliament, Directorate-General for Internal Policies.Google Scholar
- Engel, Leonard, Anna-Malin Sandstrôm, Ruud der Aa, and Anna Glass. 2014. The EAIE barometer: Internationalisation in Europe. Amsterdam: EAIE.Google Scholar
- ESG. 2015. Standards and guidelines for quality assurance in the European higher education area, 2nd ed. Brussels, Belgium.Google Scholar
- EUA. 2013. Internationalisation in European higher education: European policies, institutional strategies and EUA support. Brussels: European University Association.Google Scholar
- European Quality Assurance Register for Higher Education (EQAR). 2014. Recognising international quality assurance activity in the European higher education area (RIQAA). Brussels: EQAR.Google Scholar
- Eurydice. 2016. National student fee and support systems in European higher education. Brussels: Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency.Google Scholar
- Grabher, Angelika, Wejwar Petra, Martin Unger, Terzieva Berta, and Julia Litfcenko. 2014. Student mobility in the EHEA: Underrepresentation in student credit mobility and imbalances in degree mobility. Vienna: Institute for Advanced Studies.Google Scholar
- Green, Madeleine. 2014. The best in the world? Not in internationalization. NAFSA Newsletter, Trends and Insights. pp. 1–5.Google Scholar
- Hazelkorn, Ellen, Tia Loukkola, and Thérèse Zhang. 2014. Rankings in institutional strategies and processes: Impact or illusion? Brussels: European University Association.Google Scholar
- International Association of Universities. 2014. Internationalization of higher education: Growing expectations, fundamental values, IAU 4 th global survey. Paris: International Association of Universities.Google Scholar
- Knight, Jane. 2003. Updating the definition of internationalisation. International Higher Education, Boston College Center for International Higher Education, N°33, Fall.Google Scholar
- Leask, Betty, and Hans de Wit. 2016. Reimagining the HE curriculum for the 21st century, University world news, 25 Nov 2016, No. 438. http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20161122185905336. Accessed 1 Aug 2017.
- Raughvargers, Andrejs. 2013. Global university rankings and their impact – Report II. Brussels: European University Association.Google Scholar
- Salmi, Jamil. 2016. Excellence strategies and the creation of world-class universities. In Global rankings and the geo-politics of higher education: Understanding the influence and impact of rankings on higher education, policy and society, ed. Ellen Hazelkorn, 216–243. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Sursock, Andrée. 2015. Trends 2015: Learning and teaching in European universities. Brussels: European University Association.Google Scholar