Spin Quantum Computing

  • Philipp R. Struck
  • Guido Burkard
Living reference work entry


This chapter describes the use of electron spins in semiconductor quantum dots as quantum bits for quantum information processing. Among the central themes of the chapter is the mechanism for a two-qubit operation based on the exchange interaction. Another important topic pertains to the mechanisms that lead to the loss of quantum coherence and are related to phonons or nuclear spins in the host semiconductor. The last part of this chapter is focused on the prospects for extending the ideas of spin-based quantum information to new materials such as graphene, where both nuclear-spin- and phonon-induced decoherence and relaxation are suppressed.


Hyperfine Interaction Quantum Gate Gate Operation CNOT Gate Quantum Error Correction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations




Two dimensional


Two-dimensional electron gas


Aluminum gallium arsenide




Controlled NOT (NOT is not acronym)


Electron phonon coupling




Gallium arsenide




Indium gallium arsenide


Molybdenum disulfide


Quantum dot


Quantum point contact






Spin orbit


Special unitary group in two dimensions


Tungsten disulfide


Exclusive OR (OR is not an acronym)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of KonstanzKonstanzGermany

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