Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Mortimer Sellers, Stephan Kirste

Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw

  • Anna Carastathis
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6730-0_1-1

One of the founders of critical race theory in the US legal academy, a black feminist scholar-activist whose groundbreaking work was an impetus behind the interdisciplinary field known today as “intersectionality studies,” Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw (B.A. Cornell, 1981; J.D., Harvard, 1984; L.L.M., Wisconsin, 1985; currently Professor at UCLA and Columbia Law Schools and founder-director of the latter’s Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies) was born in 1959 in Ohio. Her influence extends beyond legal theory and practice to women’s, gender, and sexuality studies, critical ethnic studies, the empirical social sciences, and the humanities, but also to the advancement of human and civil rights internationally. As co-founder of the African American Policy Forum (in 1996) and an intervener in the United Nations World Conference on Racism (in 2001) who drafted a background paper on “Race and Gender Discrimination” that facilitated the integration of gender in the WCAR...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Berger MT, Guidroz K (eds) (2009) The intersectional approach: transforming the academy through race, class and gender. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel HillGoogle Scholar
  2. Best R, Adelman LB, Krieger LH, Eliason S (2011) Multiple disadvantages: an empirical test of intersectionality theory in eeo litigation. Law Soc Rev 45(4):991–1025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carbado D (2013) Colorblind intersectionality. Signs J Women Cult Soc 38(4):811–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Crenshaw KW (1988) Race, reform, and retrenchment: transformation and legitimation in antidiscrimination law. 101 Harv Law Rev 101(7):1331–1387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crenshaw KW (1989) Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: a black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139–167Google Scholar
  6. Crenshaw KW (1991) Mapping the margins: intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stanf Law Rev 43(6):1241–1299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Crenshaw KW (2011) Twenty years of critical race theory: looking back to move forward. Connect Law Rev 43(5):1253–1352Google Scholar
  8. Crenshaw KW (2012) From private violence to mass incarceration: thinking intersectionally about women, race, and social control. UCLA Law Rev 59:1418–1472Google Scholar
  9. Crenshaw KW (2015) Black girls matter: pushed out, overpoliced and underprotected. African American Policy Forum and Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Crenshaw KW, Ritchie AJ (2015) Say her name: resisting police brutality against black women. African American Policy Forum and Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Dotson K (2011) Tracking epistemic violence, tracking practices of silencing. Hypatia: J Fem Philos 26(2):236–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Harris AP (1990) Race and essentialism in feminist legal theory. Stanf Law Rev 42(3):581–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jordan-Zachery J (2007) Am I a black woman or a woman who is black? A few thoughts on the meaning of intersectionality. Polit Gend 3(2):254–264Google Scholar
  14. May VM (2014) Speaking into the void: intersectionality critiques and epistemic backlash. Hypatia 29(1):94–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Oppenheimer DB (2003) Verdicts matter: an empirical study of California employment discrimination and wrongful discharge jury verdicts reveals low success rate for women and minorities. UC Davis Law Rev 37:511–566Google Scholar
  16. Ransby B (2000) Black feminism at twenty-one: reflections on the evolution of a national community. Signs J Women Cult Soc 25(4):1214–1221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Selmi M (2001) Why are employment discrimination cases so hard to win? La Law Rev 61(3):555–576Google Scholar
  18. Son Hing LS, Chung-Yan GA, Grunfeld R, Robichaud LK, Zanna MP (2004) Exploring the discrepancy between implicit and explicit prejudice: a test of aversive racism theory. In: Forgas JP, Williams KD, Laham SM (eds) Social motivation: conscious and unconscious processes. Cambridge University Press, Oxford, pp 274–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Carastathis
    • 1
  1. 1.AthensGreece

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sally Scholz
    • 1
  1. 1.Philosophy DepartmentVillanova UniversityVillanovaUSA