Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences

Living Edition
| Editors: Jan Harff, Martin Meschede, Sven Petersen, Jörn Thiede

Sedimentary Sequence/Parasequence/Systems Tracts (Highstand, Lowstand, Transgressive, Shelf Margin)

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6644-0_177-1

Sequence Stratigraphy

The methodology of sequence stratigraphy uses a framework of genetically related sedimentary geometries and their bounding surfaces to determine the depositional setting of the sedimentary section of the earth’s crust. This framework is built from the interpretation of seismic, well data, adjacent outcrops and knowledge of regional geology tied to an understanding of sedimentology, and modern and ancient depositional systems (Fig. 1). This template can then be extrapolated to predict sediment character in the nearby subsurface and outcrops.

Keywords

System Tract Sequence Stratigraphy Transgressive System Tract Lowstand System Tract Maximum Flooding Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Brown, L. F., Jr., and Fisher, W. L., 1977. Seismic stratigraphicinterpretation of depositional systems: examples fromBrazilian rift and pull apart basins. In Payton, C. E. (ed.), Seismic Stratigraphy – Applications to Hydrocarbon Exploration. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, Vol. 26, pp. 213–248.Google Scholar
  2. Catuneanu, O., 2002. Sequence stratigraphy of clastic systems: concepts, merits, and pitfalls. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 35, 1–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Catuneanu, O., 2006. Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy. Amsterdam: Elsevier, p. 375.Google Scholar
  4. Catuneanu, O., Galloway, W. E., Kendall, C. G. St. C., Miall, A. D., Posamentier, H. W., Strasser, A., and Tucker, M. E., 2011. Sequence stratigraphy: methodology and nomenclature. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, Stuttgart, 44/3, 173–245.Google Scholar
  5. Chen, D., and Tucker, M. E., 2003. The Frasnian-Famennian mass extinction: insights from high-resolution sequence stratigraphy and cyclostratigraphy in South China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 193, 87–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Embry, A. F., 1995. Sequence boundaries and sequence hierarchies: problems and proposals. In Sequence Stratigraphy on the Northwest European Margin, Proceedings of the Norwegian Petroleum Society Conference. Norwegian Petroleum Society Special Publications 5, pp. 1–11.Google Scholar
  7. Embry, A. F., and Johannessen, E. P., 1992. T-R sequence stratigraphy, facies analysis and reservoir distribution in the uppermost Triassic-Lower Jurassic succession, western Sverdrup Basin, Arctic Canada. In Vorren, T. O., Berg – sager, E., Dahl-Stamnes, O. A., Holter, E., Johansen, B., Lie, E., and Lund, T. B. (eds.), Arctic Geology and Petroleum Potential. Norwegian Petroleum Society (NPF), Special Publication, Vol. 2, pp. 121–146.Google Scholar
  8. Galloway, W. E., 1989. Genetic stratigraphic sequences in basin analysis I. Architecture and genesis of flooding surface bounded depositional units. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 73, 125–142.Google Scholar
  9. Hunt, D., and Tucker, M. E., 1992. Stranded parasequences and the forced regressive wedge systems tract: deposition during base-level fall. Sedimentary Geology, 81, 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jervey, M. T., 1988. Quantitative geological modeling of siliciclastic rock sequences and their seismic expression. In Wilgus, C. K., Hasting, B. S., Kendall, C., Posamentier, H. W., Ross, C. A., and Van Wagoner, J. C. (eds.), Sea-level changes: an integrated approach. Tulsa, OK: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists. Special Publication No. 42, pp. 47–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Johnson, J. G., and Murphy, M. A., 1984. Time-rock model for Siluro-Devonian continental shelf, western United States. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 95, 1349–1359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Johnson, J. G., Klapper, G., and Sandberg, C. A., 1985. Devonian eustatic fluctuations in Euramerica. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 96, 567–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mitchum, Jr., R. M., 1977. Seismic Stratigraphy and Global Changes of Sea Level: Part 11. Glossary of Terms used in Seismic Stratigraphy: Section 2. Application of Seismic Reflection Configuration to Stratigraphic Interpretation, Memoir No. 26, pp. 205–212.Google Scholar
  14. Plint, A. G., 1988. Sharp-based shoreface sequences and “offshore bars” in the Cardium Formation of Alberta; their relationship to relative changes in sea level. In Wilgus, C. K., Hastings, B. S., Kendall, C. G. S. C., Posamentier, H. W., Ross, C. A., and Van Wagoner, J. C. (eds.), Sea Level Changes – An Integrated Approach. Tulsa, OK: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists. SEPM Special Publication No. 42, pp. 357–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Posamentier, H. W., and Allen, G. P., 1999. Siliciclastic sequence stratigraphy: concepts and applications. Tulsa, OK: SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology, Vol. 7, p. 210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Posamentier, H. W., Jervey, M., and Vail, P. R., 1988. Eustatic controls on clastic deposition. I. Conceptual framework. In Wilgus, C. K., Hastings, B. S., Kendall, C. G., Posamentier, H. W., Ross, C. A., and Van Wagoner, J. C. (eds.), Sea Level Changes––An Integrated Approach. SEPM Special Publication 42, pp. 110–124.Google Scholar
  17. Sloss, L. L., 1963. Sequences in the cratonic interior of North America. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 74, 93–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sloss, L. L., Krumbein, W. C., and Dapples, E. C., 1949. Integrated facies analysis. In Longwell, C. R. (ed.), Sedimentary Facies in Geologic History. New York: Geological Society of America Memoir, Vol. 39, pp. 91–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tinker, S. W., 1998. Shelf-To-basin Facies Distributions and sequence stratigraphy of a Steep-Rimmed carbonate Margin: Capitan depositional system McKittrick Canyon, New Mexico and Texas. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 68, 1146–1174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Vail, P. R., 1987. Seismic stratigraphy interpretation procedure. In Bally, A. W. (ed.), Atlas of Seismic Stratigraphy. Tulsa, OK: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Studies in Geology, Vol. 27, pp. 1–10.Google Scholar
  21. Vail, P. R., Audemard, F., Bowman, S. A., Eisner, P. N., and Perez-Cruz, C., 1991. The stratigraphic signatures oftectonics, eustasy and sedimentology – an overview. In Einsele, G., Ricken, W., and Seilacher, A. (eds.), Cycles and Events in Stratigraphy. Berlin: Springer–Verlag, pp. 617–659.Google Scholar
  22. Van Wagoner, J. C., 1995. Sequence Stratigraphy and Marine to Nonmarine Facies Architecture of Foreland Basin Strata, Book Cliffs, Utah, U.S.A. In Van Wagoner, J. C., and Bertram, G. T. (eds.), Sequence Stratigraphy of Foreland Basin Deposits. Tulsa, OK: American Association Petroleum Geologists Memoir, Vol. 64, pp. 137–223.Google Scholar
  23. Van Wagoner, J. C., Mitchum, R. M., Posamentier, H. W., and Vail, P. R., 1987. An overview of sequence stratigraphy and key definitions. In Bally, A. W. (ed.), Atlas of Seismic Stratigraphy, volume 1. Tulsa, OK: AAPG. Studies in Geology 27, Vol. 1, pp. 11–14.Google Scholar
  24. Van Wagoner, J. C., Posamentier, H. W., Mitchum, R. M., Vail, P. R., Sarg, J. F., Loutit, T. S., and Hardenbol, J., 1988. An overview of sequence stratigraphy and key definitions. In Wilgus, C. K., Hastings, B. S., Kendall, C. G. S. C., Posamentier, H. W., Ross, C. A., and Van Wagoner, J. C. (eds.), Sea Level Changes – An Integrated Approach. Tulsa, OK: SEPM. Special Publication 42, pp. 39–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Van Wagoner, J. C., Mitchum Jr., R. M., Campion, K. M., and Rahmanian, V. D., 1990. Siliciclastic Sequence Stratigraphy in Well Logs, Core, and Outcrops: Concepts for High Resolution Correlation of Time and Facies. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Methods in Exploration Series, Vol. 7, 55 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth and Ocean SciencesUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA