Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology

Living Edition
| Editors: Bharat Bhushan

Ecotoxicity of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles in the Marine Environment

  • Mana Man Na Yung
  • Catherine Mouneyrac
  • Kenneth Mei Yee Leung
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6178-0_100970-1

Synonyms

Definition

Ecotoxicity is generally defined as the subject in the field of ecotoxicology which studies the potential for biological, chemical, or physical stressors to affect ecosystems. The study of ecotoxicity of nanoparticles focuses on the toxic effects of nanoparticles on wildlife and their ecosystems and uncovers the natural uptake and toxic mechanisms of nanoparticles in organisms. It also investigates the influences of environmental factors on bioavailability and toxicity of the nanoparticles to the organisms. Nanoparticles are defined as particles having one or more dimensions between 1 and 100 nm that show distinct properties from their bulk counterparts of the same materials [1]. The use of nanoparticles in manufactured products has grown dramatically in the last decade. The continuously growing market for zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs), driven mainly by increasing demand...

Keywords

Reactive Oxygen Species Humic Acid Photocatalytic Activity Marine Organism Toxic Mechanism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mana Man Na Yung
    • 1
  • Catherine Mouneyrac
    • 2
  • Kenneth Mei Yee Leung
    • 1
  1. 1.The Swire Institute of Marine Sciences and School of Biological SciencesThe University of Hong KongPokfulamChina
  2. 2.LUNAM Université, Université Catholique de l’OuestAngersFrance