Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Paul B. Thompson, David M. Kaplan

Food Addiction

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6167-4_326-5

Synonyms

Introduction

This entry examines the question whether foods can be substances to which people become addicted. Is “food addiction” a defensible and plausible concept? Immediately several important questions and concerns arise. The first is the more general question: “What is addiction?” The second is whether certain foods or their “use” fall within accepted models of addiction. Can foods be “used” and have similar deleterious effects as the more paradigmatic drugs of alcohol, cocaine, and nicotine? The third concern involves the sorts of food that can be addictive. Fourth and fifth are the health implications for individuals and the public health implications that food addiction is causing an obesity epidemic. The sixth concern involves individual, social, and corporate responsibility for the causes and consequences of food addiction. The entry ends with a discussion of what food advocates and the food industry might learn from the...

Keywords

Harm Reduction Tobacco Product Corporate Responsibility Attorney General Tobacco Company 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Agrawal, A., Sartor, C., Lynskey, M., Grant, J., Pergadia, M., Grucza, R., Bucholz, K., Nelson, E., Madden, P., Martin, N., & Heath, A. (2009). Evidence for an interaction between age at first use and genetic influence on DSM-IV alcohol dependence symptoms. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 30(12), 2047–2056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Avena, N. M., Rada, P., & Hoebel, B. B. (2008). Evidence for sugar addiction: Behavioral and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake. Neuroscience and Behavioral Reviews, 32, 20–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cheren, M., Foushi, M., Gudmundsdotter, E. H., Hillock, C., Lerner, M., Prager, M., Rice, M., Walsh, L., & Werdell, P. (2009). Physical craving and food addiction: A scientific review. Food Addiction Institute. Retrieved from http://foodaddictioninstitute.org/scientific-research/physical-craving-and-food-addiction-a-scientific-review/
  5. Cocores, J., & Gold, M. (2009). The salted food addiction may explain overeating and the obesity epidemic. Medical Hypotheses, 73(6), 892–899.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gearhardt, A. N., Corbin, W. R., & Brownell, K. D. (2009). Food addiction: An examination of the diagnostic criteria for dependence. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 3, 31–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gearhardt, A., Grilo, C., DiLeone, R., Brownell, K., & Potenza, M. (2011). Can food be addictive? Public health and policy implications. Addiction, 106(7), 1208–1212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gold, M., Graham, N., Cocres, J., & Nixon, S. (2009). Food addiction? Journal of Addiction Medicine, 3(1), 42–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lenoir, M., Serre, F., Cantin, L., & Ahmed, S. H. (2007). Intense sweetness surpasses cocaine reward. PLoS One, 2(8), e698. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mohr, G., Lichtenstein, D., & Janiszewski, C. (2012). The effect of marketer-suggested serving size on consumer responses. Journal of Marketing, 76(1), 59–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Olmstead, M. (2006). Animal models of drug addiction: Where do we go from here? The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 59(4), 625–653.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Taber, D. R., Chriqui, J. F., & Chaloupka, F. J. (2012). Differences in nutrient intake associated with state laws regarding fat, sugar, and caloric content of competitive foods. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 166(5), 452–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wang, G. J1., Geliebter, A., Volkow, N. D., Telang, F. W., Logan, J., Jayne, M. C., Galanti, K., Selig, P. A., Han, H., Zhu, W., Wong, C. T., Fowler, J. S. (2011). Enhanced striatal dopamine release during food stimulation in binge eating disorder. Obesity (Silver Spring), 19(8), 1601–1608. doi:10.1038/oby.2011.27. Epub 2011 Feb 24.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philosophy, and Gender, Women and Sexuality StudiesGustavus Adolphus CollegeSt. PeterUSA