Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Paul B. Thompson, David M. Kaplan

GMO Food Labeling

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6167-4_320-2

Synonyms

Introduction

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are organisms made using recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology, also referred to as genetic engineering or gene-splicing. This technology involves using individual genes from a source organism to modify the living DNA of a target organism from a different species, which can be an animal, plant, or microorganism. Producers are thus able to overcome the species barrier, a natural limitation of traditional methods of genetic improvement such as plant hybridization. First developed in 1973, transgenic techniques have been used to create disease-, pest-, and herbicide-resistant crops, faster-growing animals, and plants with enhanced nutritional properties (NAS 2010; Blatt 2008).

Countries vary widely in how GM food products are labeled and regulated. Over 40 nations currently require all foods with GM ingredients above a certain...

Keywords

European Union Food Label Label Requirement Mandatory Label Consumer Autonomy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Philosophy and ReligionThe University of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA