Plant-Based Diets and Scientific Value Judgments
Diets containing animal products predominate in the developed world. Fewer than 10 % of persons in the USA follow a vegetarian-inclined diet; fewer than 3 % are strict vegetarians who consume no meat, poultry, or fish; and less than 1 % are vegans who consume no animal products (Vegetarian Times 2008). Furthermore, diets in the developed world are often characterized by heavy consumption of animal products– up to 250 pounds annually (Daniel et al. 2011). As the developing world industrializes, industrial animal agriculture is expanding, and dietary patterns are shifting towards the heavy consumption of animal products characteristic of the West (Delgado 2003). Despite these facts, the consumption of animal products has become the object of much moral scrutiny over the past few decades, because of animal welfare concerns, environmental concerns, public health concerns,...
KeywordsDietary Pattern Serum Ferritin Animal Product Serum Ferritin Level Nutritional Adequacy
- Anderson, J. J. B. (1999). Plant-based diets and bone health: Nutritional implications. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 70, 539S–542S.Google Scholar
- Bhatia, V. (2008). Dietary calcium intake: A critical reappraisal. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 127(3), 269–273.Google Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2012). Overweight and obesity. [Electronic resource]. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/index.html. Last updated August 24, 2012. Last accessed September 5, 2012.
- Cordain, L. (2002). The Paleo diet. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Delgado, C. L. (2003). Rising consumption of meat and milk in developing countries has created a new food revolution. The Journal of Nutrition, 133, 3907S–3910S.Google Scholar
- Douglas, M., & Wildavsky, A. (1983). Risk and culture. Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Haddad, E. H., et al. (1999). Dietary intake and biochemical, hematologic, and immune status of vegans compared with nonvegetarians. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 70(suppl), 586S–593S.Google Scholar
- Milton, K. (2000). Hunter-Gatherer diets: A different perspective. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71, 665–667.Google Scholar
- Singer, P., & Mason, J. (2007). The ethics of what we eat: Why our food choices matter. Emmaus: Rodale Books.Google Scholar
- Vegetarian Times Magazine. (2008). Vegetarianism in America. Available at http://www.vegetariantimes.com/article/vegetarianism-in-america/
- Weaver, C., Proulx, W. R., & Heaney, R. (1999). Choices for achieving adequate dietary calcium with a vegetarian diet. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 70(suppl), 543S–548S.Google Scholar