Assessment frameworks are guides for the design of the assessment. These portray the structure of the assessed curricula providing a context for discussing the purpose of the assessment and what it is trying to measure.
Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) framework include mathematics, science, and contextual frameworks. There are defined mathematics or science content domains covered by the assessment at fourth and eighth grades. Each topic area belonging to a content domain is presented as a list of objectives written in terms of student understandings or abilities that items are designed to elicit. There are also defined three cognitive domains – knowing, applying, and reasoning, at both fourth and eighth grades, mathematics and science. The understandings and abilities required to engage in scientific inquiry are included within the two dimensions of the assessment framework – the content and cognitive...
KeywordsInternational Student Eighth Grade Assessment Framework Mathematical Literacy Content Domain
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