The Wetland Book pp 1269-1277 | Cite as

Bahr el Ghazal: Nile River Basin (Sudan and South Sudan)

  • Asim I. El MoghrabyEmail author
Reference work entry


Bahr el Ghazal is one five sub-basins of the River Nile. It is the only one that originates in the Sudan and is one of largest tropical wetlands in the World. It is rich in biodiversity. The area, rich in ecosystem services, has been traditionally and historically shared amicably by the Dinka Noke of Abyei and the transhumant Myesseria cattle owning tribe, for their subsistence livelihoods. After the cessation of South Sudan, in 2011, it became a contested area between the two countries. An additional threat to the integrity of the sub-basin is oil development on both sides of the borders. Understanding how the wetlands function will enable both countries to make maximum use of its values and services and would be a step in the right direction in conflict resolution.


Tropical Wetlands Biodiversity Land use Conflict resolution 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sudanese National Academy of SciencesKhartoumSudan

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