Śulbasūtras

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5_10281-1

Sometime around the sixth century BCE, new forms of knowledge began to evolve in parts of northern India, aimed at preserving and cultivating the Vedic wisdom, worldviews, rituals, and practices. The body of knowledge thus produced was called vedāṅgas (organs/limbs of the Vedas) and classified under six distinct categories: phonetics (śikṣā), grammar (vyākaraṇa), metrics (chhandas), etymology (nirukta), astronomy and calendars ( jyotiṣa), and rites, rituals, and sacrifices (kalpa). The last of these comprised prescriptive texts concerning ethics, morality and conduct (the Dharmasūtras), household affairs (the Gṛhyasūtras), and rituals (the Srautasūtras). Included in some of the Srautasūtras were guidelines for the construction of various fire altars (citis) and the arithmetic and geometrical formulae behind the process. These manuals were perhaps called rajju samāsa (“joining the measuring cord”). In course of time, they came to be identified as the Śulbasūtras.

Śulba, literally...

Keywords

Geometrical Figure Sixth Century Geometrical Formula Functional Matrix Technical Vocabulary 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Amma, T. A. S. (1999). Geometry in ancient and medieval India (2nd rev. ed., pp. 14–60). New Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Archive India InstituteBhubaneswarIndia