Silk in Bengal

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5_10259-1

Silk manufacturing is an important facet of industrial heritage in Bengal. The high profile of this industry is confirmed in many European travelogues during the late medieval and the early modern periods. They narrated how the province fed different markets in the Indian continent – and even beyond – with decorative pieces of silk cloth. Village establishments, such as Cassembazar, might have turned out more than two million bales of silk a year. Working on low technology and capital, village artisans in Bengal designed their own implements and organized production at their huts. They left the distant sales of their fancy outputs to the trading communities like the Marwaris and the Parsis, who created their markets at Surat, Delhi, Lahore, and Agra. Later on, they were sold to the Portuguese, the Dutch, and the English, who sold them at European outlets. In 1703–1708, the English East India Company annually exported about 162,000 lbs of raw silk and 28,000 pieces of silk fabrics from...

Keywords

Silk Fiber Silk Cloth East India Company Mulberry Leaf Warp Thread 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Geoghegan, J. (1872). Some account of silk in India. Calcutta: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing.Google Scholar
  2. Hopper, L. (1919). Silk: Its production and manufacture (Vol. 2). London and New York: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons.Google Scholar
  3. Lardner, D. (1831). Treatise on the origin, progressive improvement, and present state of silk manufacture. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  4. Mukerji, N. G. (1903). A monograph on the silk fabrics of Bengal. Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Press.Google Scholar
  5. Ray, I. (2005). The silk industry in Bengal during colonial rule: the “de-industrialisation” thesis revisited. Indian Economic and Social History Review, 42(3), 339–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Schober, J. (1930). Silk and silk industry. (R. Cuthill, Trans.). London: R. R. Smith.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CommerceUniversity of North Bengal (on lien)DarjeelingIndia
  2. 2.Cooch Behar Panchanan Barma UniversityCooch BeharIndia