The Chinese military general, strategist, and theorist Sun Tzu was a notable historical figure in the late Spring and Autumn Period (770–403 BC) of ancient China. His birth name was Sun Wu (孫武), and he originated from a military family in the state of Qi (齊). His book Sun Tzu: The Art of War (孫子兵法) has been considered the most important military treatise of China, which laid the foundation of Chinese strategic thought and military dialectic and is widely applied in numerous fields worldwide today.
Despite his uncertain historicity, Sun Tzu was believed to be a contemporary of Lao Tzu (Lao Zi) and Confucius. Due to political upheavals in Qi, Sun Tzu moved to the state of Wu (吳). In 512 BC, Sun Tzu presented the King of Wu The Art of War(in 13 chapters) and was later appointed as a general. He played a major role in the war planning against the state of Chu (楚), Wu’s arch-enemy. In 506 BC, Wu launched major offensives against Chu. Wu forces commanded by Sun Tzu won a stunning victory...
KeywordsAutumn Period Military Family Military Treatise Strategic Thought Tremendous Change
- Ames, R. T. (Trans.). (1993). Sun-Tzu: The art of warfare. New York: Ballantine Books. (Sunzi)Google Scholar
- Ho, Ping-ti 何炳棣. (2002). Three studies on Suntzu and Laotzu 有關《孫子》《老子》的三篇考證. Taipei: Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica.Google Scholar
- Ji, HongBo 紀洪波 (Ed.). (2009). Ming jia lun sun zi 名家論孫子. Beijing: Jun shi ke xue chu ban she.Google Scholar
- Jullien, F. (2004). A treatise on efficacy: Between Western and Chinese thinking. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.Google Scholar
- Li, Ling 李零. (2006). Bing yi zha li: Wo du “Sunzi” 兵以詐立:我讀《孫子》. Beijing: Zhonghua shu ju.Google Scholar
- Li, Zehou 李澤厚. (2009). Zhongguo xian dai si xiang shi lun 中國古代思想史論. Beijing: Sheng huo, du shu, xin zhi san lian shu dian.Google Scholar
- Yuen, D. M. C. (2014). Deciphering Sun Tzu: How to read the art of war. New York/London: Oxford University Press/Hurst.Google Scholar