City Planning of the Lao/Thai

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5_10116-1

The closely related dominant ethnic groups in modern-day Laos and Thailand both belong to the broader ethnolinguistic group of people speaking Tai languages that extends into northwestern Vietnam and southern China. Small bands of Tai began migrating out of southern China into what are now Laos and Thailand from around the eighth century on. As they took possession of fertile river valleys, they established small principalities (called muang) dominated by powerful aristocratic families who differentiated themselves from the commoners over whom they ruled (Condominas, 1990). These social distinctions determined how their principal settlements were planned, in relation to the flow of the rivers on which they were constructed.

In northern Laos, the Lao displaced Mon/Khmer-speaking subsistence farmers. But further south in Laos and in northern and central Thailand, Tai expansion encountered advanced civilizations in the form of Mon and Khmer kingdoms, whose capital cities incorporated...

Keywords

Commercial Area Rural Migration City Wall Royal Palace Royal City 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Askew, M. (2002). Bangkok: Place, practice and representation. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Askew, M., Long, W. S., & Long, C. (2007). Vientiane: Transformations of a Lao landscape. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Clément-Charpentier, S. (2008). Les débuts de Vientiane, capitale colonial. In Y. Goudineau & M. Lorrillard (Eds.), New research on Laos: Recherches nouvelles sur le Laos (pp. 287–337). Vientiane, Paris: École française d’Extrême-Orient. (includes nine plans of early Vientiane).Google Scholar
  4. Clément-Charpentier, S., & Clément, P. (1990). L’habitation lao dans les regions de Vientiane et de Louang Prabang (Vol. 1). Leuven: Peeters.Google Scholar
  5. Condominas, G. (1990). From Lawa to Mon, from Saa’ to Thai. Historical and anthropological aspects of southeast Asian social spaces. Canberra: Research School of Pacific Studies.Google Scholar
  6. Garnier, D. (2004). Ayutthaya: Venice of the east. Bangkok: River books.Google Scholar
  7. Népote, J. (1997). Louang Phrabang: d’une position géo-politique articulatoire àun urbanism microcosmique. Péninsule, 34(1), 129–152.Google Scholar
  8. Ngaosrivathana, M., & Ngaosrivathana, P. (2009). The enduring sacred landscape of the Naga. Chiang Mai: Mekong Press.Google Scholar
  9. Sternstein, L. (1972). Planning the future of Bangkok. In D. J. Dwyer (Ed.), The city as a centre of change in Asia (pp. 243–254). Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Stuart-Fox, M. (1998). The Lao kingdom of Lan Xang: Rise and decline. Bangkok: White Lotus Press.Google Scholar
  11. Stuart-Fox, M. (2006). Naga cities of the Mekong. Singapore: Media Masters.Google Scholar
  12. Stuart-Fox, M. (2009). Laos: The Chinese connection. In D. Singh (Ed.), Southeast Asian affairs 2009 (pp. 141–169). Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.Google Scholar
  13. Stuart-Fox, M., & Reeve, P. (2011). Symbolism in city planning in Cambodia from Angkor to Phnom Penh. Journal of the Siam Society, 99, 105–138.Google Scholar
  14. Thammanosouth, S. (n. d.). PowerPoint presentation on urban development in Vientiane. Available at http://www.forum-urban-futures.net/files/Saykham_CVS%20with%20urban%20developmentfinal1.pdf
  15. Wyatt, D. K., & Wichienkeeo, A. (1995). The Chiang Mai chronicle. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia