This chapter covers the technical, philosophical, and juridical aspects of international governance of human reproductive cloning. Human reproductive cloning is the creation of a human embryo from a nuclear DNA sequence of an existing human being (or from one having existed earlier) in order to implant it into a womb, leading eventually to the birth of an identical human being. The methods available for cloning are developing quickly, and first the principal technical approaches to this issue are described. Then the main arguments used in the ethical discussions over human cloning are presented, both supporting and opposing it. In the last part, the attempts made at an international level, both in United Nations and the UNESCO, to achieve the ban of human reproductive cloning in all UN Member States are described. Although many people, organizations, and countries recognize the need for such a ban, especially because of rapid scientific developments and vulnerability of some countries, it has not been achieved yet.
KeywordsEmbryonic Stem Cell Human Dignity Moral Status Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer Medical Tourism
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