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Disability and Health

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Synonyms

Affliction; Ailments; Handicap; Health defects; Impairment; Incapacity; Infirmity and health; Malady; Well-being; Wellness

Definition

Health: “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (World Health Organization, 1948).

Disability is a complex phenomena that results from interactions between health conditions and contextual factors, both external environmental (including, but not limited to, social norms and expectations, physical or built environment, and legal and social structures) and internal personal factors (including demographic characteristics, personal experiences, personality and disposition, and individual influences on the perception of disability). Disability involves dysfunction at one or more of three levels – (a) the body or body part, (b) the whole person, and (c) the whole person within social context – in one or more of three ways: impairments (in body structure or function), activity...

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Disability and Health, Fig. 1
Disability and Health, Fig. 2

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Correspondence to Darshini Ayton .

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Ayton, D., Warren, N., Manderson, L. (2014). Disability and Health. In: Michalos, A.C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_739

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