Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

2014 Edition
| Editors: Alex C. Michalos

Kessler Psychological Distress Scale

  • Vasoontara YiengprugsawanEmail author
  • Matthew Kelly
  • Benjawan Tawatsupa
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_3663



The Kessler psychological distress scale is a scale developed in 1992 for mental health screening in population surveys (Kessler & Mroczek, 1992). This is a nonspecific scale based on 10 questions about the level of anxiety and depressive symptoms a person may have experienced in the past 4 weeks.


Kessler psychological distress scale was designed by Professor Ronald C. Kessler from Harvard University as part of mental health component of the US National Health Interview Survey (Kessler & Mroczek, 1992). K10 questions relate to the level of  anxietyand depressive symptoms: “In the past 4 weeks, about how often… 1) tired out for no good reason; 2) nervous; 3) so nervous that nothing could calm down; 4) hopeless; 5) restless or fidgety; 6) restless.. could not sit still; 7) depressed; 8) everything was an effort; 9) so sad nothing can cheer up; and 10) feel...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Matthew Kelly
    • 1
  • Benjawan Tawatsupa
    • 1
  1. 1.National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, ANU College of Medicine, Biology & EnvironmentThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia