Trias Politica (Separation of Powers)
The trias politica is the philosophy that there has to be a strict separation between three independent powers in every nation: for legislation, administration, and jurisdiction.
This philosophy is developed by the French enlightenment philosopher Charles de Montesquieu and published in his book “De L’esprit des Lois” in 1748. This philosophy had a substantial impact on the American Constitution (1789), on the French Revolution (1791), and on political philosophy in many European nations. The separation of powers is one of the two pillars of the modern state; the other pillar is the separation of the state and religion. There is no specific indicator for the separation of powers, but this separation is reflected in the assessment of the rule of law and control of corruption by the World Bank’s Government Indicators.
Ratings “Rule of Law”
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