Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

2014 Edition
| Editors: Alex C. Michalos

Trias Politica (Separation of Powers)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_3064



The trias politica is the philosophy that there has to be a strict separation between three independent powers in every nation: for legislation, administration, and jurisdiction.


This philosophy is developed by the French enlightenment philosopher Charles de Montesquieu and published in his book “De L’esprit des Lois” in 1748. This philosophy had a substantial impact on the American Constitution (1789), on the French Revolution (1791), and on political philosophy in many European nations. The separation of powers is one of the two pillars of the modern state; the other pillar is the separation of the state and religion. There is no specific indicator for the separation of powers, but this separation is reflected in the assessment of the rule of law and control of corruption by the World Bank’s Government Indicators.

Ratings “Rule of Law”



This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Data-Sources, See siteGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Erasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands