Psychological distance is a cognitive separation between the self and other instances such as persons, events, or times.
Psychological distance is defined within the Construal-Level Theory (CLT), which was developed by Trope and Liberman (2003). Their first approach referred only to the temporal distance and assumed that we judge a more distant event in time by few abstract characteristics (high-level construal). On the opposite, one judges an event which is closer in time by some concrete traits (low-level construal).
The theory was further developed to include other three dimensions of psychological distance: spatial, social, and hypothetical. The spatial distance is that from the individual to the target of his judgment. The social distance is between the person and the rest of the world. The hypothetical distance is between certain and hypothetical events. Fiedler (2007) adds, among other dimensions, the informationaldistance, defined as the...
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