Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

2014 Edition
| Editors: Alex C. Michalos

Organizational Values

  • Karsten MuellerEmail author
  • Tammo Straatmann
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_2031

Synonyms

Definition

Organizational values can be defined as beliefs about socially or personally desirable end states or actions that are explicitly or implicitly shared by members of an organization (e.g., Schwartz, 1992). Hence, organizational values function as guides to what is seen as good and important in the organization (VandenBos, 2007; Williams, 1970). Moreover, they are influencing the selection and evaluation of decisions and actions in an organization (Kluckhohn, 1951; Rokeach, 1973; Schwartz, 1992).

In line with the general conceptualization of values, organizational values transcend single situations and are relatively stable over time (Schwartz, 1999). While the sharedness or agreement in the organization is a key defining characteristic of organizational values (Rousseau, 1990), the existence of subcultures in an organization is also possible (e.g., van den Berg & Wilderom, 2004).

Description

The conceptualization of organizational values differs...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Industrial and Organizational PsychologyUniversity of OsnabrückOsnabrückGermany