Skip to main content

Human Needs

  • Reference work entry

Synonyms

Basic needs; Self-needs satisfaction

Definition

Human needs are commonly used to refer to the drivers of peoples’ actions, the motives behind human behavior. Other uses of the concept include needs as instruments to achieve a certain goal and needs as societal requirements to flourish or experience a good life (Gasper, 2004). Needs as motives imply that all human actions can be understood as originating in the quest for satisfying or actualizing needs. Needs as societal requirements concern what is necessary for people to avoid serious harm and participate in their society, whether or not they are mobilized by them. Needs as requirements to achieve a certain outcome like fulfillment, happiness, or satisfaction fall in between the two last explanations. They take the elements that contribute to achieving the goal of a good life (such as jobs, income, health care, status) as the requirements or needs for the realization of the goal. The distinction between these three sets of...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1345
  • Chapter length: 4 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   7,499.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-94-007-0753-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   8,999.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Human Needs, Fig. 1

References

  • Brown, K. W., & Kasser, T. (2005). Are psychological and ecological wellbeing compatible? The role of values, mindfulness, and lifestyle. Social Indicators Research, 74, 349–368.

    Google Scholar 

  • Di Tella, R. M., & MacCulloch, R. (2010). Happiness adaptation to income beyond basic needs. In E. H. Diener, F. John, & D. Kahneman (Eds.), International differences in well-being (pp. 217–246). New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Diener, E., Diener, M., & Diener, C. (1995). Factors predicting the subjective well-being of nations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 851–864.

    Google Scholar 

  • Doyal, L., & Gough, I. (1991). A theory of human need. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Easterlin, R. A. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? Some empirical evidence. In P. A. David & M. W. Reder (Eds.), Nations and households in economic growth: Essays in honor of Moses Abramowitz (pp. 89–125). New York: Academic.

    Google Scholar 

  • Frey, B. S. (2008). Happiness. A revolution in economics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gasper, D. (2004). Subjective and objective wellbeing in relation to economic inputs: puzzles and responses. WeD Working paper 09. Bath: University of Bath.

    Google Scholar 

  • Guillen-Royo, M. (2010). Realising the wellbeing dividend: An exploratory study using the human-scale development approach. Ecological Economics, 70, 384–393.

    Google Scholar 

  • Guillen-Royo, M. (2011). Reference group consumption and the subjective wellbeing of the poor in Peru. Journal of Economic Psychology, 32, 259–272.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hamilton, L. (2003). The political philosophy of needs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and personality (2nd ed.). New York: Harper and Row.

    Google Scholar 

  • Max-Neef, M. (1991). Human-scale development- conception, application and further reflection. London: Apex Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pincus, J. (2004). The consequences of unmet needs: The evolving role of motivation in consumer research. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 3(4), 375–387.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and wellbeing. American Psychologist, 55(1), 68–78.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sustainable Development Commission (2008). Health, place and nature. London: SDC Reports and Series.

    Google Scholar 

  • Veenhoven, R. (2007). Happiness in hardship. In L. P. Bruni & P. L. Porta (Eds.), Economics and happiness (pp. 243–266). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Monica Guillen-Royo .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

About this entry

Cite this entry

Guillen-Royo, M. (2014). Human Needs. In: Michalos, A.C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1345

Download citation