The concept of gender equity refers to “fairness of treatment for women and men, according to their respective needs. This may include equal treatment or treatment that is different but which is considered equivalent in terms of rights, benefits, obligations and opportunities” (International Labour Office [ILO], 2000). It is distinct and different from the concept of gender equality, which is the effective equality between men and women, that entails the concept that all human beings, both men and women, are free to develop their personal abilities and make choices without the limitations set by stereotypical views, rigid gender roles, and prejudices. Gender equality means that the different behavior, aspirations, and needs of women and men are considered, valued, and favored equally. It does not mean that women and men have to become the same but that their rights, responsibilities, and opportunities will not depend on whether they are born male or female (ILO, 2000).
- International Labour Office. (2000). ABC of women worker’s rights and gender equality (p. 48). Geneva: ILO.Google Scholar
- McDonald, P. (2000a). Gender equity, social institutions and the future of fertility. Journal of Population Research, 17(1), 1–16.Google Scholar
- McDonald, P. (2000b). Gender equity in theories of low fertility. Population and Development Review, 26, 427–439.Google Scholar
- Mencarini, L., & Sironi, M. (2012). Happiness, housework and gender inequality in Europe. European Sociological Review, 28(2), 203–219.Google Scholar
- Stevenson, B., & Wolfers, J. (2009). The Paradox of declining female happiness, by Betsey and Justin. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 1(2), 190–225.Google Scholar