Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

2014 Edition
| Editors: Alex C. Michalos

Gender Equity

  • Letizia MencariniEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1131


The concept of gender equity refers to “fairness of treatment for women and men, according to their respective needs. This may include equal treatment or treatment that is different but which is considered equivalent in terms of rights, benefits, obligations and opportunities” (International Labour Office [ILO], 2000). It is distinct and different from the concept of gender  equality, which is the effective equality between men and women, that entails the concept that all human beings, both men and women, are free to develop their personal abilities and make choices without the limitations set by stereotypical views, rigid gender roles, and prejudices. Gender equality means that the different behavior, aspirations, and needs of women and men are considered, valued, and favored equally. It does not mean that women and men have to become the same but that their rights, responsibilities, and opportunities will not depend on whether they are born male or female (ILO, 2000).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics “S. Cognetti de Martiis”, Collegio Carlo AlbertoUniversity of TurinTurinItaly