Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research

2014 Edition
| Editors: Alex C. Michalos

Food Security

  • Rachel Engler-StringerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1073

Synonyms

Definition

While many different definitions of food security have been used in various contexts around the world, the most widely accepted at the global or national level is the one put forward (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1996) and later refined (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2002) by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in 1996. It is

Food security [is] a situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.

When food insecurity is discussed at the household level (particularly in the North American health research literature), it is usually defined as the limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or the limited or...

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References

  1. Allen, P. (1999). Reweaving the food security safety net: Mediating entitlement and entrepreneurship. Agriculture and Human Values, 16, 117.Google Scholar
  2. Chen, J., & Che, J. (2001). Food insecurity in Canadian households. Health Reports, 12, 11.Google Scholar
  3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (1996). Rome declaration on world food security and world food summit plan of action. World Food Summit, November 13–17, 1996, Rome.Google Scholar
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2002). The state of food insecurity in the world 2001. Rome: Author.Google Scholar
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2003). Trade reforms and food security: Conceptualizing the linkages. Rome: Author.Google Scholar
  6. Frongillo, E. A. (1999). Validation of measures of food insecurity and hunger. The Journal of Nutrition, 129, 506S.Google Scholar
  7. Hamm, M. W., & Bellows, A. C. (2003). Community food security and nutrition educators. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 35, 37.Google Scholar
  8. Radimer, K. L., Olson, C. M., & Campbell, C. C. (1990). Development of indicators to assess hunger. The Journal of Nutrition, 1200, 1544.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Community Health and EpidemiologyUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada