Advertisement

The Wetland Book pp 2003-2008 | Cite as

Plant Community Reassembly in Restored Wetlands

  • Susan Galatowitsch
Reference work entry

Abstract

When wetlands are restored to reverse ecosystem degradation caused by anthropogenic change, the hope is that plant and animal communities will efficiently re-assemble once stressors on the ecosystem have been minimized. In many situations, however, anthropogenic change is so severe or widespread that re-assembly occurs slowly, if at all, without active seeding or planting. A common need for wetland restoration projects is to anticipate how much active intervention is needed for plants and animal communities to recover. Studies of plant reassembly in restored wetlands indicate that recolonization potential depends on three main factors: the level of site degradation, the extent of anthropogenic change to wetlands in the surrounding landscape, and the kind of wetland being restored. Which species actually become established depends on a fourth factor, the array of environmental conditions in the restored wetland. The longest lags of recolonization will likely occur in restored wetlands that lack remnant vegetation and seedbanks and that are isolated from extant wetlands. In these situations, actively seeding or planting dominant species is necessary to restore wetland vegetation.

Keywords

Wetland restoration Wetland revegetation Seedbanks Seed dispersal 

References

  1. Galatowitsch SM, Biederman LA. Vegetation and seedbank composition of temporarily flooded Carex meadows and implications for restoration. Int J Ecol Environ Sci. 1998;24:253–70.Google Scholar
  2. Galatowitsch SM, van der Valk AG. Natural revegetation during restoration of wetlands in the southern prairie pothole region of North America. In: Wheeler BD, Shaw SC, Fojt WJ, Robertson RA, editors. Restoration of temperate wetlands. Wiley: Chichester; 1995. p. 129–41.Google Scholar
  3. Galatowitsch SM. Restoring prairie pothole wetlands: does the species pool concept offer decision-making guidance for revegetation. Appl Veg Sci. 2006;9:261–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Grootjans AP, Everts H, Bruin K, Fresco L. Restoration of wet dune slacks on the Dutch Wadden Sea islands: recolonization after large-scale sod cutting. Restor Ecol. 2001;9:137–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Keddy P. Wetland restoration: the potential for assembly rules in the service of conservation. Wetlands. 1999;19:716–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kettenring K, Galatowitsch S. Seed rain of restored and natural prairie wetlands. Wetlands. 2011;31:283–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Matthews JW, Peralta AL, Flanagan DN, Baldwin PM, Soni A, Kent AD, Endress AG. Relative influence of landscape vs. local factors on plant community assembly in restored wetlands. Ecol Appl. 2009;19:2108–23.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Morzaria-Luna HN, Zedler JB. Does seed availability limit plant establishment during salt marsh restoration? Estuar Coasts. 2007;30:12–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mulhouse JM, Galatowitsch SM. Revegetation of prairie pothole wetlands in the mid-continental US: twelve years post-reflooding. Plant Ecology. 2003;169:143–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Neff KP, Baldwin AH. Seed dispersal into wetlands: techniques and results for a restored tidal freshwater marsh. Wetlands. 2005;25:392–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Van der Valk AG. Succession in wetlands: a Gleasonian approach. Ecology. 1981;62:688–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Wetzel PR, van der Valk AG, Toth LA. Restoration of wetland vegetation on the Kissimmee River floodplain: potential role of seed banks. Wetlands. 2001;21:189–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wienhold CE, van der Valk AG. The impact of duration of drainage on the seed banks of northern prairie wetlands. Can J Bot. 1989;67:1878–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation BiologyUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA

Personalised recommendations