Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

2011 Edition
| Editors: Harsh K. Gupta

Earthquake Precursors and Prediction

  • Seiya Uyeda
  • Toshiyasu Nagao
  • Masashi Kamogawa
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-8702-7_4

Definitions and introduction

Earthquake (EQ) prediction or forecast is to specify the source location, magnitude M, and occurrence time of EQ with certain accuracy before its occurrence. The terms prediction and forecast are often used with different nuances, the latter allowing for more stochastic nature. We will mainly use the former term in this article. EQ prediction is often roughly classified by the length of concerned time into Long Term (102–101 years), Intermediate Term (101–1 years) and Short Term (<1 year). The latter of course includes “Imminent” or “Very Short Term” ones like weeks to hours prediction. EQ precursors are anomalous phenomena, which take place before EQs so that prediction is made on their information. This article will focus on the precursors for Short Term prediction. At this stage, however, the existence itself of the precursors has to be more firmly established as a scientific fact and further details of them must be thoroughly investigated.

Various EQ...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seiya Uyeda
    • 1
  • Toshiyasu Nagao
    • 2
  • Masashi Kamogawa
    • 3
  1. 1.Japan AcademyTaito-kuJapan
  2. 2.Earthquake Prediction Research CenterInstitute of Oceanic Research and Development, Tokai UniversityShimizu-ku, Shizuoka-shiJapan
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsTokyo Gakugei UniversityKoganei-shiJapan