Encyclopedia of Agrophysics

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jan Gliński, Józef Horabik, Jerzy Lipiec

Specific Surface Area of Soils and Plants

  • Zofia SokołowskaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-3585-1_265


Different kinds of the surface area may be found in soil. The geometric surface area is calculated on the data of shapes and dimension of representative soil particles. The internal surface area is the surface of inter walls of the microcapillares (the term “internal surface” is usually restricted in its application to those cavities, which have an opening to exterior of the grains). The external surface area is defined as the sum of geometric and internal surface area. The interlayer surface area is the surface of interlayer walls of minerals of the montmorillonite type. The total surface area is the sum of the external and internal surface areas, as well as the surface area of organic matter.

The total, external and internal surface areas are the main types of specific surface that can be used to characterize each adsorbent. Sometimes other kinds of surface area are invoked, but all of them are special cases of the definitions given above.

Specific surface area of a soil...

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of AgrophysicsPolish Academy of SciencesLublinPoland