Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers

Part of the series Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series pp 61-66


Artificial Production of Snow

  • Carmen de JongAffiliated withThe Mountain Institute, University of Savoy Email author 


Artificial snow; Man-made snow; Programmed snow; Snow production; Technical snow


Artificial snow is produced by rapidly freezing water into ice crystals under high pressure.


The artificial production of snow serves two objectives: on the one hand, artificial snow is necessary for laboratory experiments to simulate snow and avalanche processes, on the other hand, it is produced commercially as a surrogate for natural snow to cover ski runs where natural snowfall is missing or uncertain. It is also produced in indoor centers for skiing as well as outdoors in cities for events. It can be produced in virtually all climate zones, even in hot, arid countries like Israel. Dubai hosts the world’s largest indoor ski center. Artificial snow is now produced on nearly all ski runs globally that are affected by large variations in snowfall, that have insufficient natural snowfall or that are effected by climate change. This includes the Alps ...

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