Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs

Editors: David Hopley

Electron Spin Resonance Dating (ESR)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2639-2_75

Definition

The electron spin resonance (ESR) dating method is one of several radiation exposure methods based on radiation dosimetry such as thermoluminescence (TL), optically stimulated luminescence (OSL), and radioluminescence (RL). All these methods use the phenomenon of common minerals acting as natural dosimeters. The radiation (natural radioactivity and cosmic rays) causes charge (electrons, free radicals) which is trapped at defects in the crystal lattice of a wide range of minerals such as aragonite, calcite, and quartz. Here, we will focus on dating aragonite coral samples. The trapped charges from paramagnetic centers can be detected by the rise of a characteristic ESR signal. The amount of trapped charge accumulation (paleodose, D E) increases with time and can be quantified by the ESR measurement. An ESR age is calculated by dividing the accumulated paleodose (D E) by the dose rate of the natural radiation (D') (Figure 1).
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Geography & Landscape StudiesUniversity of Bamberg96045 BambergGermany
  2. 2.University of Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany
  3. 3.Faculty of GeographyInstitute of Geography University of Marburg35032 MarburgGermany