Helioid Choroiditis

  • Shriji PatelEmail author
  • Anita AgarwalEmail author
Living reference work entry


Helioid choroiditis is a distinct clinical entity initially described by Hong et al. (1997) in a series of six young, healthy patients with vision loss related to a solitary focus of choroiditis. The condition is characterized by a solitary, discrete elevated yellow-white active focus of choroiditis. During the acute phase, the lesions have overlying neurosensory retinal detachment and in some cases subretinal hemorrhage. All lesions in this series showed minimal growth with subsequent gradual resolution of the inflammation and subretinal fluid.

Suggested Reading

  1. Fung AT, Kaliki S, Shields CL, Mashayekhi A, Shields JA. Solitary idiopathic choroiditis: findings on enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography in 10 cases. Ophthalmology. 2013;120:852–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Hong PH, Jampol LM, Dodwell DG, Hrisomalos NF, Lyon AT. Unifocal helioid choroiditis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1997;115:1007–13.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Kotsolis AI, Yannuzzi LA. Solitary idiopathic choroiditis with choroidal neovascularization. Retin Cases Brief Rep. 2009;3:395–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Shields JA, Shields CL, Demirci H, Hanovar S. Solitary idiopathic choroiditis: the Richard B. Weaver lecture. Arch Ophthalmol. 2002;120:311–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.West Coast RetinaSan FranciscoUSA

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