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Brustkrebs – Prävalenz, Bedeutung und Implikationen für die Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung

  • Carmen Jochem
  • Michael LeitzmannEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the Springer Reference Pflege – Therapie – Gesundheit book series (SRPTG)

Zusammenfassung

Brustkrebs ist die häufigste Krebserkrankung der Frau und eine der häufigsten Ursachen für krebsbedingte Mortalität. In Deutschland erkrankt etwa jede achte Frau im Laufe ihres Lebens an Brustkrebs. Während körperliche Aktivität, eine gesunde Ernährung und Stillen das Risiko für Brustkrebs reduzieren, erhöhen Alkoholkonsum, ein sedentärer Lebensstil, Hormonersatztherapie und orale Kontrazeptiva das Brustkrebsrisiko. Übergewicht und Adipositas wirken sich je nach Lebensabschnitt unterschiedlich auf das prä- bzw. postmenopausale Brustkrebsrisiko aus. Auch können Körpergewicht, körperliche Aktivität und Ernährung die Gesamtmortalität, die brustkrebsspezifische Mortalität und die Entstehung von zweiten Primärtumoren beeinflussen. Bei Frauen mit erhöhtem Brustkrebsrisiko kommt eine Chemoprävention mit selektiven Östrogenrezeptor-Modulatoren wie Tamoxifen oder Raloxifen in Betracht. Früherkennungsuntersuchungen wie Mammographie führen zu einer wirksamen Reduktion der Brustkrebsmortalität.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Epidemiologie und PräventivmedizinUniversität RegensburgRegensburgDeutschland

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