Frameworks for Material Modeling
Frameworks for material modeling set the limits within which different material phenomena like elasticity, plasticity, and viscosity are modeled.
Classification of Material Models
After establishing a universal framework for material modeling based on general principles, a classification of materials with respect to the material phenomena that occur is reasonable.
Any textbook on material modeling somehow classifies material models, however the works of Noll (1972) and Krawietz (1986) provide the most systematic approaches. Krawietz (1986) regards phenomenological material modeling by defining process classes and output functionals. The output functional is the material model, which assigns a dependent variable (stresses and forces) to the independent, process-controlled variable (strains and displacements).
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