CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Sustainability of Machining

  • David DornfeldEmail author
Reference work entry



Sustainable machining should be defined in the context of sustainability and sustainable manufacturing. The entry on “sustainability” states that sustainability implies that something can be sustained, i.e., continued at that level, in principle indefinitely. “Sustainable manufacturing” is defined as the creation of manufactured products that use processes that are nonpolluting, conserve energy and natural resources, and are economically sound and safe for employees, communities, and consumers, including the manufacturing of sustainable products and the sustainable manufacturing of all products. Thus, applied to machining, sustainable machining can be defined as the manufacture of products (components, etc.) by a subtractive process based on cutting (material removal by the cutting action of a tool usually with a machine tool to create surfaces and features) in a way that is nonpolluting, minimizes and conserves...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Dahmus JB, Gutowski TG (2004) An environmental analysis of machining. In: Proceedings of the 2004 ASME international mechanical engineering congress and R&D exposition (IMECE2004), Anaheim, 13–19 Nov 2004, pp 643–652 [Paper no. IMECE2004–62600]Google Scholar
  2. Diaz N, Helu M, Jarvis A, Toenissen S, Dornfeld D, Schlosser R (2009) Strategies for minimum energy operation for precision machining. In: Yamazaki K (ed) Machine tool technologies research foundation (MTTRF) Shanghai 2011. Proceedings of machine tool technologies research foundation and ASCENTi-CNC 2009, annual meeting, Shanghai, 8–9 July, pp 47–52Google Scholar
  3. Diaz N, Helu M, Jayanathan S, Chen Y, Horvath A, Dornfeld D (2010) Environmental analysis of milling machine tool use in various manufacturing environments. In: 2010 I.E. international symposium on sustainable systems and technology, Arlington, 17–19 May 2010, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  4. Taniguchi M, Kakinuma Y, Aoyama T, Inasaki I (2006) Influences of downsized design for machine tools on the environmental impact. In: Proceedings of the MTTRF 2006 annual meeting, San Francisco, pp 1–4Google Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkleyUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Garret O'Donnell
    • 1
  1. 1.Trinity College DublinDublinIreland