CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Cutting, Fundamentals

  • Hans Kurt ToenshoffEmail author
Reference work entry



Cutting is manufacturing by removal of material ( DIN 8580; CIRP Dictionary 2004). Particles of material, the chips, are mechanically removed from the raw material or from an unfinished part by cutting edges of a tool. The tool has one or several cutting edges, which can be geometrically defined by number, shape, and position (cutting by geometrically defined cutting edges), whereas in abrasive processes the separation of chips takes place by numerous cutting edges which have to be statistically described and which are randomly distributed inside the tool (cutting by geometrically undefined cutting edges). Figure 1 shows some cutting processes ( DIN 8589; CIRP Dictionary 2004).
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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Production Engineering and Machine ToolsLeibniz University HannoverGarbsenGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Garret O'Donnell
    • 1
  1. 1.Trinity College DublinDublinIreland