CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Coordinate Measuring Machine

  • Enrico SavioEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53120-4_6579

Definition

A coordinate measuring machine (CMM) is a measuring device with the capability to determine spatial coordinates of points that are probed on the surface of a workpiece (ISO 10360–1:2000), by means of a probing system that is moving in a defined measuring volume. The probing system can be contact or noncontact, with point acquisition rate depending on the measuring principle.

The term coordinate measuring system (CMS) is used to indicate all measuring devices having the capability to determine spatial coordinates on the surface of a workpiece. In addition to CMMs, examples are laser trackers, fringe projection systems, and computed tomography systems.

Theory and Application

Introduction

Coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) are the most important measuring systems for the measurement of workpieces in industry, because they are very flexible and allow the automated measurement of points in space with high accuracy, even on complex parts and surfaces. The probed spatial points...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Carmignato S, Voltan A, Savio E (2010) Metrological performance of optical coordinate measuring machines under industrial conditions. CIRP Ann 59(1):497–500. ISSN:0007–8506.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2010.03.128
  2. Christoph R, Neumann HJ (2004) Multisensor coordinate metrology: measurement of form, size and location in production and quality control. Verlag Moderne Industrie, LandsbergGoogle Scholar
  3. Hocken RJ, Pereira PH (2011) Coordinate measuring machines and systems, 2nd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton. ISBN:1574446525Google Scholar
  4. ISO 10360-1:2000 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate measuring machines (CMM) – part 1: vocabularyGoogle Scholar
  5. ISO 10360-2:2009 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate measuring machines (CMM) – part 2: CMMs used for measuring linear dimensionsGoogle Scholar
  6. ISO 10360-3:2000 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate measuring machines (CMM) – part 3: CMMs with the axis of a rotary table as the fourth axisGoogle Scholar
  7. ISO 10360-4:2000 (Cor 1:2002) Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate measuring machines (CMM) – part 4: CMMs used in scanning measuring modeGoogle Scholar
  8. ISO 10360-5:2010 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate measuring machines (CMM) – part 5: CMMs using single and multiple stylus contacting probing systemsGoogle Scholar
  9. ISO 10360-7:2011 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate measuring machines (CMM) – part 7: CMMs equipped with imaging probing systemsGoogle Scholar
  10. ISO 10360-8:2013 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate measuring systems (CMS) – part 8: CMMs with optical distance sensorsGoogle Scholar
  11. ISO 10360-9:2013 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate measuring systems (CMS) – part 9: CMMs with multiple probing systemsGoogle Scholar
  12. ISO 10360-12:2016 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – acceptance and reverification tests for coordinate measuring systems (CMS) – part 12: articulated arm coordinate measurement machines (CMM)Google Scholar
  13. ISO/TS 15530-1:2013 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – coordinate measuring machines (CMM): technique for determining the uncertainty of measurement – part 1: overview and metrological characteristicsGoogle Scholar
  14. ISO 15530-3:2011 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – coordinate measuring machines (CMM): technique for determining the uncertainty of measurement – part 3: use of calibrated workpieces or measurement standardsGoogle Scholar
  15. ISO/TS 15530-4:2008 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – coordinate measuring machines (CMM): technique for determining the uncertainty of measurement – part 4: evaluating task-specific measurement uncertainty using simulationGoogle Scholar
  16. Keferstein CP, Marxer M (2015) Fertigungsmesstechnik: praxisorientierte Grundlagen, moderne Messverfahren [Production metrology: fundamentals for practitioner, modern measurement methods], 8th edn. Springer, Wiesbaden (in German)Google Scholar
  17. Savio E (2012) A methodology for the quantification of value-adding by manufacturing metrology. CIRP Ann 61(1):503–506. ISSN:0007-8506.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2012.03.019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Savio E, De Chiffre L, Schmitt R (2007) Metrology of freeform shaped parts. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 56(2):810–835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Schwenke H, Neuschaefer-Rube U, Pfeifer T, Kunzmann H (2002) Optical methods for dimensional metrology in production engineering. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 51(2):685–699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Schwenke H, Knapp W, Haitjema H, Weckenmann A, Schmitt R, Delbressine F (2008) Geometric error measurement and compensation of machines-an update. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 57:660–675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Trapet E, Franke M, Härtig F, Schwenke H, Wäldele F, Cox M, Forbes A, Delbressine F, Schellekens P, Trenk M, Meyer H, Moritz G, Guth Th, Wanner N (1999) Traceability of coordinate measuring machines according to the method of the virtual measuring technique, PTB-F-35 PTB, Braunschweig. ISBN:3-89701-330-4Google Scholar
  22. Weckenmann A (2011) Koordinatenmesstechnik: Flexible Strategien für funktions- und fertigungsgerechtes Prüfen: Flexible Messstrategien für Maß, Form und Lage, 2nd edn. Carl Hanser Verlag, München (in German)Google Scholar
  23. Weckenmann A, Estler T, Peggs G, McMurtry D (2004) Probing systems in dimensional metrology. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 53(2):657–684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wilhelm RG, Hocken R, Schwenke H (2001) Task specific uncertainty in coordinate measurement. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 50(2):553–563CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • M. Alkan Donmez
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 100 Bureau Drive - Stop 8220GaithersburgUSA