CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

System

  • Kosmas AlexopoulosEmail author
  • Konstantinos Efthymiou
  • George Chryssolouris
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53120-4_6574

Synonyms

Definition

A system is an integrated composite of people, products, and processes that provides a capability to satisfy a stated need or objective.

Theory and Application

Introduction

The transdisciplinary study of systems which aims to identify and determine principles, applicable to all types of systems independent of the scientific field, is the field of the system theory. System theory as a minimum includes parts/wholes, system/boundary/environment, structure/process, emergent properties, hierarchy of systems, positive and negative feedback, information and control, open systems, holism, and observer. The term “system theory” is originated from the work “general system theory” of von Bertalanffy who first recognized the application of the aforementioned concepts across various disciplines (Bertalanffy 1968). System theory is associated with a vast number of theories of specific disciplines such as cybernetics, soft systems and problem...

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References

  1. Bertalanffy L (1968) General system theory: foundations, development, applications. George Braziller, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Chryssolouris G (2006) Manufacturing systems: theory and practice, 2nd edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Chryssolouris G, Giannelos N, Papakostas N, Mourtzis D (2004) Chaos theory in production scheduling. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 53:381–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Forrester JW (1961) Industrial dynamics. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. Reprinted by Pegasus Communications, WalthamGoogle Scholar
  5. Mingers J, White L (2010) A review of the recent contribution of systems thinking to operational research and management science. Eur J Oper Res 207:1147–1161MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2007) NASA systems engineering handbook, NASA/SP-2007-6105 Rev1, NASA Headquarters Washington, DC, 20546Google Scholar
  7. Papakostas N, Efthymiou K, Mourtzis D, Chryssolouris G (2009) Modeling the complexity of manufacturing systems using non-linear dynamics approaches. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 58:437–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Richardson GP (1999) System dynamics. In: Gass S, Harris C (eds) Encyclopedia of operations research and information science. Kluwer, BostonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kosmas Alexopoulos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Konstantinos Efthymiou
    • 1
  • George Chryssolouris
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and AeronauticsUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

Section editors and affiliations

  • Günther Schuh
    • 1
  1. 1.Forschungsinstitut für Rationalisierung (FIR) e. VRWTH AachenAachenGermany