CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Computer-Aided Manufacturing

  • Dimitris MourtzisEmail author
  • Sotiris Makris
  • George Chryssolouris
Reference work entry



Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) can be defined as the effective utilization of computers in manufacturing (Groover 1987).

Extended Definition

Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) can be defined as the use of computer systems to plan, manage, and control the operations of a manufacturing plant through either direct or indirect computer interface with the plant’s production resources. In other words, the use of computer system in nondesign activities but in the manufacturing process is called CAM (Elanchezhian et al. 2007).

Theory and Application


Historically, CAD/CAM systems firstly appeared in ancient Egypt and Greece, as graphics communication used by the engineers. Later on, Leonardo Da Vinci developed techniques such as cross-hatching and isometric views. The invention of computers and xerography made possible the creation of graphics and visualization (Zeid 1991). Practically, the history of computer-aided...
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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimitris Mourtzis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sotiris Makris
    • 1
  • George Chryssolouris
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and AeronauticsUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

Section editors and affiliations

  • Günther Schuh
    • 1
  1. 1.Forschungsinstitut für Rationalisierung (FIR) e. VRWTH AachenAachenGermany