CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Computer-Aided Manufacturing

  • Dimitris MourtzisEmail author
  • Sotiris Makris
  • George Chryssolouris
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53120-4_6550

Synonyms

Definition

Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) can be defined as the effective utilization of computers in manufacturing (Groover 1987).

Extended Definition

Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) can be defined as the use of computer systems to plan, manage, and control the operations of a manufacturing plant through either direct or indirect computer interface with the plant’s production resources. In other words, the use of computer system in nondesign activities but in the manufacturing process is called CAM (Elanchezhian et al. 2007).

Theory and Application

History

Historically, CAD/CAM systems firstly appeared in ancient Egypt and Greece, as graphics communication used by the engineers. Later on, Leonardo Da Vinci developed techniques such as cross-hatching and isometric views. The invention of computers and xerography made possible the creation of graphics and visualization (Zeid 1991). Practically, the history of computer-aided...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. ALPHACAM. www.alphacam.com. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  2. Autodesk, POWERMILL. http://www.autodesk.com/products/powermill/overview. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  3. Bézier P (1989) First steps of CAD. Comput-Aided Des 21(5):259–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. CGTech VERICUT. www.cgtech.com. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  5. Chang T-C, Wysk RA, Wang H-P (2006) Computer-aided manufacturing, 3rd edn. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  6. Chryssolouris G (2006) Manufacturing systems: theory and practice, 2nd edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Chryssolouris G, Mavrikios D, Papakostas N, Mourtzis D, Michalos G, Georgoulias K (2008) Digital manufacturing: history, perspectives, and outlook. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part B: J Eng Manuf 223(5):451–462.  https://doi.org/10.1243/09544054JEM1241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cimatron E. https://www.3dsystems.com/software/cimatron. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  9. CNCCookBook CAM Survey 2016. http://blog.cnccookbook.com/2017/01/03/results-2016-cnccookbook-cam-survey/. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  10. Dassault Systèmes. CATIA. https://www.3ds.com/products-services/catia/. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  11. Elanchezhian C, Selwyn TS, Sundar GS (2007) Computer-aided manufacturing, 2nd edn. Laxmi Publications, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  12. Flynn J, Shokrani A, Newman S, Dhokia V (2016) Hybrid additive and subtractive machine tools – research and industrial developments. Int J Mach Tool Manu 101:79–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. GibbsCAM. www.gibbscam.com. [Date of Access: 25 June 2018]
  14. Groover MP (1987) Automation production systems and computer-aided manufacturing, 1st edn. Prentice-Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  15. ISO 10303-1 standard (1994) Industrial automation systems and integration – product data representation and exchange, part 1: overview and fundamental principles. Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  16. ISO 10303-238 standard (2007) Industrial automation systems and integration – product data representation and exchange, part 238: application protocol: application interpreted model for computerized numerical controllers. Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  17. ISO 14649-1 (2003) Industrial automation systems and integration – physical device control; data model for computerized numerical controllers, part 1: overview and fundamental principles. Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  18. ISO 6893-1 standard (2009) Numerical control of machines-program format and definition of address words, Part 1: data format for positioning, line motion and contouring control systems. Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  19. Lazoglu I, Manav C, Murtezaoglu Y (2009) Tool path optimisation for free form surface machining. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 58(1):101–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lee-Post A (2003) Computer-aided manufacturing. Encyclopedia of information systems vol 1. Elsevier Science, pp 187–203. Amsterdam, Netherlands.  https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-12-227240-4/00012-5
  21. Makris S, Michalos G, Chryssolouris G (2012) Virtual commissioning of an assembly cell with cooperating robots, Adv Decis Sci 2012:1–11. Article ID 428060.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/428060
  22. Mastercam. www.mastercam.com [Date of Access: 25 June 2018]
  23. Ming XG, Yan JQ, Wang XH, Li SN, Lu WF, Peng QJ, Ma YS (2008) Collaborative process planning and manufacturing in product lifecycle management. Comput Ind 59(2–3):154–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mourtzis D, Doukas M, Psarommatis F (2013) Design and operation of manufacturing networks for mass customisation. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 62(1):467–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mourtzis D, Vlachou E, Xanthopoulos N, Givehchi M, Wang L (2016) Cloud-based- adaptive process planning considering availability and capabilities of machine tools. J Manuf Syst 39:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmsy.2016.01.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Newman ST, Nassehi A (2007) Universal manufacturing platform for CNC machining. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 56(1):459–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Newman ST, Nassehi A, Xu XW, Rosso Jr RS, Wang L, Yusof Y, Ali L, Liu R, Zheng LY, Kumar S, Vichare P (2008) Strategic advantages of interoperability for global manufacturing using CNC technology. Robot Comput Integr Manuf 24(6):699–708Google Scholar
  28. OPEN MIND. hyperMILL. www.openmind-tech.com. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  29. PTC. www.ptc.com. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  30. Reinhart G, Wunsch G (2007) Economic application of virtual commissioning to mechatronic production systems. Prod Eng 1(4):371–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Seames WS (2002) Computer numerical control. Concepts and programming, 4th edn. Delmar, AlbanyGoogle Scholar
  32. Siemens PLM Software (2015) NX Hybrid Additive Manufacturing: Transforming component design and manufacturing. http://majentaplm.com/wp-content/uploads/NX-hybrid-additive-manufacturing.pdf. Date of access: 17 May 2017
  33. SolidCAM. www.solidcam.com. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  34. Surfcam Vero Software. www.surfcam.com. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  35. Tebis CAM. Tebis. www.tebis.com. Date of Access: 25 June 2018
  36. Toquica JS, Alvares AJ, Bonnard R (2018) A STEP-NC compliant robotic machining platform for advanced manufacturing. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 95:3839–3854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Xu X (2009) Integrating advanced computer-aided design, manufacturing, and numerical control: principles and implementations. Information Science Reference, IGI Global, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Xu X (2012) From cloud computing to cloud manufacturing. Robot Comput Integr Manuf 28(1):75–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Xu X (2017) Machine tool 4.0 for the new era of manufacturing. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 92:1893–1900CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yao S, Han X, Yang Y, Rong Y, Huang SH, Yen DW, Zhang G (2007) Computer-aided manufacturing planning for mass customization: part 3, information modeling. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 32:218–228.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-005-0329-xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Yeung MK (2003) Intelligent process-planning system or optimal CNC programming – a step towards complete automation of CNC programming. Integr Manuf Syst 14(7):593–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zeid I (1991) CAD/CAM theory and practice. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimitris Mourtzis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sotiris Makris
    • 1
  • George Chryssolouris
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and AeronauticsUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

Section editors and affiliations

  • Günther Schuh
    • 1
  1. 1.Forschungsinstitut für Rationalisierung (FIR) e. VRWTH AachenAachenGermany