CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Grinding Fluids

  • Ekkard BrinksmeierEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53120-4_6428

Synonyms

Definition

Grinding fluids belong to metalworking fluids. These are engineering media which are used to allow for higher productivity in material removal processes, i.e., cutting and abrasive processes.

Theory and Application

Introduction

Metalworking fluids (Brinksmeier et al. 2015) play a significant role in machining operations (in particular grinding) and have a substantial impact on tool life, shop productivity, and workpiece quality. In machining processes such as turning, milling, grinding, and many other material removal processes, metalworking fluids perform several essential functions. One of the main functions of coolants is to lubricate. This is achieved by reduction of the friction which results from energy conversion in the contact zones between tool and workpiece as well as between tool and chip. Heat dissipation, i.e., cooling of the workpiece and washing chips away from the contact zone, is a further important...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Brinksmeier E, Heinzel C, Wittmann M (1999) Friction, cooling and lubrication in grinding. Ann CIRP 48(2):581–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brinksmeier E, Heinzel C, Wittmann M (2000) Visualization of coolant flow in shoe nozzles and their effect on the residual grinding stresses. Ann WGP VII/I:9–12Google Scholar
  3. Brinksmeier E, Walter A, Lucca DA (2004) Chemical aspects of machining processes. Ann CIRP 53(2):685–699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brinksmeier E, Garbrecht M, Heinzel C, Koch T, Eckebrecht J (2009) Current approaches in design and supply of metalworking fluids. Tribol Trans 52(5):591–601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brinksmeier E, Meyer D, Huesmann-Cordes AG, Herrmann C (2015) Metalworking fluids – mechanisms and performance. Ann CIRP 64(2):605–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. DIN 51385:2103–12. Schmierstoffe – Bearbeitungsmedien für die Umformung und Zerspanung von Werkstoffen – Begriffe [Lubricants – Processing fluids for forming and machining of materials – Terms]. Beuth, Berlin (in German)Google Scholar
  7. Heinzel C (1999) Methoden zur Untersuchung und Optimierung der Kühlschmierung beim Schleifen [Investigation and optimization methods for cooling lubricants for grinding]. German PhD thesis, University of Bremen, Shaker-Verlag (in German)Google Scholar
  8. Heinzel C, Meyer D, Kolkwitz B, Eckebrecht J (2015) Advanced approach for a demand-oriented fluid supply in grinding. Ann CIRP 64(1):333–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Howes TD (1990) Assessment of the cooling and lubricative properties of grinding fluids. Ann CIRP 39(1):313–316MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Huesmann-Cordes AG, Meyer D, Brinksmeier E, Schulz J (2014) Influence of additives in metalworking fluids on the wear resistance of steels. Procedia CIRP 13:108–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Inasaki I, Tönshoff HK, Howes TD (1993) Abrasive machining in the future. Ann CIRP 42(2):723–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Klocke F, Baus A, Beck T (2000) Coolant induced forces in CBN grinding with shoe nozzles. Ann CIRP 49(1):241–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Vits R (1985) Technologische Aspekte der Kühlschmierung beim Schleifen [Technological aspects of cooling lubricants for grinding]. Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Shaker-Verlag (in German)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Bremen, Leibniz-IWTBremenGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Konrad Wegener
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fertigung (IWF)ETH ZürichZürichSwitzerland