CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Grinding Fluids

  • Ekkard BrinksmeierEmail author
Reference work entry



Grinding fluids belong to metalworking fluids. These are engineering media which are used to allow for higher productivity in material removal processes, i.e., cutting and abrasive processes.

Theory and Application


Metalworking fluids (Brinksmeier et al. 2015) play a significant role in machining operations (in particular grinding) and have a substantial impact on tool life, shop productivity, and workpiece quality. In machining processes such as turning, milling, grinding, and many other material removal processes, metalworking fluids perform several essential functions. One of the main functions of coolants is to lubricate. This is achieved by reduction of the friction which results from energy conversion in the contact zones between tool and workpiece as well as between tool and chip. Heat dissipation, i.e., cooling of the workpiece and washing chips away from the contact zone, is a further important...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Bremen, Leibniz-IWTBremenGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Konrad Wegener
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fertigung (IWF)ETH ZürichZürichSwitzerland