CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Centerless Grinding

  • Barbara LinkeEmail author
Reference work entry


Centerless grinding is a cylindrical grinding process variant without fixing the workpiece along its axis between centers.

In external centerless grinding, the workpiece lies between grinding wheel, workrest plate, and control wheel which regulates the speed of the workpiece. In internal centerless grinding, the workpiece lies between rolls or shoes and is driven by a control wheel or a faceplate.

Theory and Application

Basic Principles

In 1853, Schleicher developed the first centerless grinding machine for needle grinding. In 1917, Heim introduced workrest plate and control wheel, which improved the performance and enlarged the field of application (Hashimoto et al. 2012). Since then, centerless grinding is highly applicable for large batch and mass production. No clamping steps and no center holes on the workpiece faces are required, which eliminates process steps, reduces time, and diminishes possible form errors (Marinescu et al. 2007). Workpiece loading can be easily...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of California DavisDavisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Konrad Wegener
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fertigung (IWF)ETH ZürichZürichSwitzerland