Composite materials are made from at least two materials with substantially different mechanical properties. The mechanical properties of the composite material are different from the constituent materials.
Ceramic matrix composites (CMC) consisting of fibers embedded in a ceramic matrix.
Metal matrix composites (MMC) consisting of fibers embedded in a metal ceramic matrix.
Fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) made of a polymer matrix reinforced with fibers.
Theory and Application
Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMC)
Originally, requirements in aerospace applications played a decisive role in developing ceramic matrix composites. Selection criteria for materials in power plants, heat shield systems for space shuttles and rockets, were a desperate temperature resistance and good characteristics considering its mass. In practice, one of the first CMCs used was the carbon-fiber-reinforced carbons (C/C)....
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