CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio


  • Nikolaos MichailidisEmail author
  • Homero Castaneda
Reference work entry



Corrosion is the degradation of the surface properties, most commonly appearing in metals and alloys, through a chemical and/or electrochemical interaction with the environment, converting matter into a more chemically stable form, such as oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide.

Theory and Application


Corrosion is a surface-originated phenomenon, having though a strong impact on the service life of components and structures. Some of the major parameters affecting the corrosion performance of a surface are its inherent material properties and its potential to passivate, the type and aggressiveness of the environment, the operating temperature, the surface characteristics (roughness, texture, porosity), and the surface condition (manufacturing process, residual stresses) (Schulze et al. 2016; Stergioudi et al. 2016). In most of the used components, the presence of multi-effect...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Bouzakis K-D, Vidakis N, Michailidis N, Leyendecker T, Erkens G, Fuss G (1999) Quantification of properties modification and cutting performance of (Ti1-xAlx)N coatings at elevated temperatures. Surf Coat Technol 120–121:34–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Castaneda H (2009) The impact of sour environment in anodic dissolution of metallic structures used in the refinery industry. Hydrocarb World 4(20):1Google Scholar
  3. Castaneda H, Benetton X (2008) SRB-biofilm influence in active corrosion sites formed at the steel-electrolyte interface when exposed to artificial seawater conditions. Corros Sci 50(4):1169–1183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Johnson J, Kiepura R, Humphries D (1987) Metals handbook. ASM International, Metals ParkGoogle Scholar
  5. Jones D (1996) Principles and prevention of corrosion. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  6. Karayan I (2015) Exfoliation corrosion susceptibility and mechanisms of Al-Li 2060 T8E30 aluminum lithium alloy in acidic media. PhD Thesis, University of Akron, p 175Google Scholar
  7. McCafferty E (2010) Introduction to corrosion science. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Michailidis N, Stergioudi F, Maliaris G, Tsouknidas A (2014) Influence of galvanization on the corrosion fatigue performance of high-strength steel. Surf Coat Technol 259:456–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. NACE Impact Report (2017) International measures of prevention, applications and economics of corrosion technologies study. Gretchen JacobsonGoogle Scholar
  10. Revie RW (2015) Chapter 20: External Corrosion of pipelines in soil. Oil and gas pipelines. Integrity and Safety Handbook, Winston Review, John Wiley and SonsGoogle Scholar
  11. Schulze V, Bleicher F, Groche P, Guo Y, Pyun Y (2016) Surface modification by machine hammer peening and burnishing. CIRP Ann 65(2):809–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Stergioudi F, Vogiatzis C, Pavlidou E, Skolianos S, Michailidis N (2016) Corrosion resistance of porous NiTi biomedical alloy in simulated body fluids. Smart Mater Struct 25(9):095024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Uhlig H, Revie R (1985) Corrosion and corrosion control. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physical Metallurgy Laboratory (PML), Department of Mechanical EngineeringAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Center for Research and Development on Advanced Materials – CERDAMThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.National Corrosion and Materials Reliability LaboratoryTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Han Haitjema
    • 1
  1. 1.Mitutoyo RCEBestThe Netherlands