CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Stratified Surface

  • François BlateyronEmail author
Reference work entry



Surface obtained after two sequential machining processes that transfer two types of texture signature on the material, usually inscribed at two different depth layers. Some processes may have more than two stages. The term stratified comes from strata, which means layers, and that underlines the fact that the surface has several functional behaviors depending on the layer in depth.

Theory and Application

The term stratified surface is often used in conjunction with the term functional in the scope of engineering surfaces, as the machining process intends to produce functional surfaces that achieve a programmed performance index.

Honed Cylinder Liners

One of the most frequent mechanical components to exhibit stratified surfaces is the cylinder liner whose surface is machined in two or three sequences. The aim is to produce a plateau-like surfacewith a relatively flat and smooth surface on the top and a series of deep...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Brinkmann S, Bodschwinna H, Lemke H-W (2000) Development of a robust Gaussian regression filter for three-dimensional surface analysis. In: Xth international colloquium on surfaces, Chemnitz, Germany, pp 122–131Google Scholar
  2. Dimkovski Z, Anderberg C, Ohlsson R, Rosén B-G (2013) Characterisation of cylinder liner honing textures for production control. In: Leach R (ed) Characterisation of areal surface texture. Springer, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Dobrzanski P, Pawlus P (2013) Modification of robust filtering of stratified surface topography. Metrol Meas Syst 20(1):107–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Li H, Jiang X, Li Z (2004) Robust estimation in Gaussian filtering for engineering surface characterization. Prec Eng 28:186–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Malburg MC, Raja J (1993) Characterization of surface texture generated by plateau-honing process. CIRP Ann 42:637–640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Pawlus P (2008) Simulation of stratified surface topographies. Wear 264(5–6):457–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Pawlus P, Reizer R, Lenart A (2013) Comparison of parameters describing stratified surface topography, Journal of physics, conference series, vol 483, conference 1Google Scholar
  8. Stout KJ, Davis EJ, Sullivan PJ (1990) Plateau honed surfaces. In: Atlas of machined surfaces. Springer, DordrechtCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Whitehouse DJ (1983) Some theoretical aspects of a practical measurement problem in plateau honing. Int J Prod Res 21(2):215–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Readings

  1. Deepak Lawrence K, Ramamoorthy B (2016) Multi-surface topography targeted plateau honing for the processing of cylinder liner surfaces of automotive engines. Appl Surf Sci 365:19–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Grabon W, Pawlus P (2014) Description of two-process surface topography. Surf Topogr Metro Prop 2:025007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hu S et al (2017) Truncated separation method for characterizing and reconstructing bi-Gaussian stratified surfaces. Friction 5(1):32–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Santochi M, Vignale M, Giusti F (1982) A study on the functional properties of a honed surface. Cirp Annals, Manuf Tech 31(1):431–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Walton K, Blunt L, Fleming L (2015) The topographic development and areal parametric characterization of a stratified surface polished by mass finishing. Surf Topog Metrol Prop 3(3):035003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Yousfi M, Mezghani S, Demirci I, El Mansori M (2013) Study on the relevance of some description methods for plateau honed surfaces. In: Fourteenth international conference on metrology and properties of engineering surfaces, TaipeiGoogle Scholar

ISO Standards (International Organisation of Standards, Geneva)

  1. ISO 12085:1996, GPS – surface texture: profile method – motif parametersGoogle Scholar
  2. ISO 13565-1:1996, GPS – surface texture: profile method – surfaces having stratified functional properties – part 1: filtering and general measurement conditionsGoogle Scholar
  3. ISO 13565-2:1996, GPS – surface texture: profile method – surfaces having stratified functional properties – part 2: height characterization using the linear material ratio curveGoogle Scholar
  4. ISO 13565-3:1998, GPS – surface texture: profile method – Surfaces having stratified functional properties – part 3: height characterization using the material probability curveGoogle Scholar
  5. ISO/TS 16610-32:2009, GPS – filtration – robust profile filters: spline filtersGoogle Scholar
  6. ISO 16610-21:2011, GPS – filtration – linear profile filters: Gaussian filtersGoogle Scholar
  7. ISO 25178-2:2012, GPS – surface texture: Areal – Terms, definitions and surface texture parametersGoogle Scholar
  8. ISO 16610-71:2014, GPS – filtration – robust areal filters: Gaussian regression filtersGoogle Scholar
  9. ISO 16610-31:2016, GPS – filtration – robust profile filters: Gaussian regression filtersGoogle Scholar

Other Standards

  1. DIN 4776:1990, Determination of surface roughness parameters Rk, Rpk, Rvk, Mr1, Mr2 serving to describe the material component of roughness profile, German Institute for Standardisation, Deutsches Institut für NormungGoogle Scholar
  2. DIN 4777:1990, Metrology of surfaces, Profile filters for electrical contact stylus instruments, Phase-corrected filters, German Institute for Standardisation, Deutsches Institut für NormungGoogle Scholar
  3. EUR 15178 EN:1993, Stout K, The development of methods for the characterisation of roughness in three dimensions, EC Brussels, ISBN 0704413132Google Scholar
  4. VDA 2006:2003, GPS – surface texture – rules and procedures for the assessment of surface texture, Verband der AutomobilindustrieGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Digital SurfBesançonFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Han Haitjema
    • 1
  1. 1.Mitutoyo RCEBestThe Netherlands