CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Grind-Hardening

  • Konstantinos SalonitisEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53120-4_16848

Synonyms

Definition

Grind-hardening is a hybrid process that combines material removal and surface hardening of a steel workpiece at the same time. The heat dissipated in the cutting area is used for the heat treatment of the workpiece (Salonitis 2015a). For the grind-hardening of a workpiece, the generated heat in the interface between the grinding wheel and the workpiece material and the subsequent cooling of the material need to be controlled. The metallurgic change required for hardening thus is achieved in two steps: firstly, heating the workpiece surface above the austenitization temperature, and secondly afterwards rapidly cooling (quenching) the material for inducing martensitic transformation in the workpiece surface.

By using the grind-hardening process, several processing steps that are expected to take place when producing a component, such as conventional heat treatment, can be eliminated as shown in Fig. 1.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Brinksmeier E, Brockhoff T (1996) Utilization of grinding heat as a new heat treatment process. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 45(1):283–286.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)63064-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brockhoff T, Brinksmeier E (1999) Grind-hardening: a comprehensive view. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 48(1):255–260.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)63178-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chryssolouris G, Tsirbas K, Salonitis K (2005) An analytical, numerical, and experimental approach to grind hardening. J Manuf Process 7(1):1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1526-6125(05)70076-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. ENGY (2005) Development of low energy and eco-efficient grinding technologies, EU FP5 Funded project G1RD-CT-2002-00735. Accessible at: http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/62807_en.html
  5. Fricker DC, Pearce TRA, Harrison JL (2004) Predicting the occurrence of grind-hardening in cubic boron nitride grinding of crankshaft steel. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part B: J Eng Manuf 218(10):1339–1356.  https://doi.org/10.1243/0954405042323577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lauwers B, Klocke F, Klink A, Tekkaya E, Neugebauer R, Mcintosh D (2014) Hybrid processes in manufacturing. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 63(2):561–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Salonitis K (2015a) Grind-hardening process. Springer International Publishing, Cham/Heidelberg.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-19372-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Salonitis K (2015b) Grind-hardening state-of-the-art. In: Grind-hardening process by Salonitis K. Springer International Publishing, Cham/Heidelberg, pp 13–32.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-19372-4_2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Salonitis K, Chryssolouris G (2007a) Thermal analysis of grind-hardening process. Int J Manuf Technol Manag 12:72–92.  https://doi.org/10.1504/IJMTM.2007.014143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Salonitis K, Chryssolouris G (2007b) Cooling in grind-hardening operations. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 33(3):285–297.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-006-0467-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Salonitis K, Kolios A (2015) Experimental and numerical study of grind-hardening – induced residual stresses on AISI 1045 steel. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 79(9):1443–1452.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-015-6912-xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Salonitis K, Chrondros T, Chryssolouris G (2008) Grinding wheel effect on grind-hardening process. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 38(1):48–58.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-007-1078-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Salonitis K, Stavropoulos P, Kolios A (2014) External grind-hardening forces modelling and experimentation. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 70:523–530.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-013-5260-yCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Manufacturing DepartmentCranfield UniversityCranfieldUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Konrad Wegener
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fertigung (IWF)ETH ZürichZürichSwitzerland