CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio


  • Juan Manuel Jauregui-BeckerEmail author
Reference work entry



Generally speaking, synthesis can be defined as the composition or combination of parts – building blocks, elements – to create a new whole product, artifact, technology, machine, or graphic, whose ruling behavior emerges from the interaction of its constituent parts. In the context of design, synthesis follows different definitions (Chakrabarti 2002). The two most relevant to this work are “synthesis as designing” and “synthesis as solution generation.” In the first definition, synthesis is defined as an iterative process of solution generation and solution evaluation. The second definition narrows its scope to that of generation solutions.

Theory and Application

A synthesis process comprehends a complex combination of cognitive and mathematical mechanism (e.g., random generation, backward reasoning, abduction, case-based reasoning, and constraint-solving). Although no unified theory exists for explaining the nature of the...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Design, Production and ManagementUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

Section editors and affiliations

  • Eric Lutters
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Twente, Faculty of Engineering Technology Laboratory of Design, Production and ManagementEnschedeThe Netherlands