Photosynthesis (NPP, NEP, Respiration)

  • X. F. WangEmail author
  • H. B. Wang
  • X. Li
  • Y. H. Ran
Living reference work entry

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Part of the Ecohydrology book series (ECOH)


Carbon exchange between terrestrial ecosystems and environment is paid great attention in recent decades, because it can regulate the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. Photosynthesis is the key process in the carbon cycle. GPP, NPP, and NEP are key variables in carbon cycle study. Thus, accurate estimation of these carbon fluxes is important for understanding the interactions between terrestrial ecosystems and atmosphere. In this chapter, we introduce measuring methods of these carbon fluxes at field scale and estimating models of these carbon fluxes based on remote sensing data at regional or global scale. The processes and key questions in these methods or models are specifically analyzed.


Photosynthesis Remote sensing Gross primary production Carbon cycle Light using efficiency model 


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Heihe Remote Sensing Experimental Research StationNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina
  2. 2.CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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