Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Borreliosis: Seasonal Prevalence of Lyme Disease Spirochetes

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_4722

The different agents of  Borreliosis are worldwide distributed being transmitted by ixodid ticks (e.g., Ixodes ricinus). While most vertebrate hosts harbor for shorter or longer periods, the typically shaped bacteria (time-depending on the activity of their immune system), cattle, and the heterothermic edible dormouse (Glis glis) show a clear seasonable prevalence of these spirochetes. These hosts become infected by tick bites during their activity phases but suppress them soon in their body. Thus in a given biotope they help to clear/diminish the infectious pressure due to Borrelia stages. Matuschka’s and Richter’s group at different Berlin Research Institutes distinguished, however, two different methods, on how these holothermic respectively heterothermic hosts overcome their invaders.

Further Reading

  1. Fitz J et al (2014) Seasonal prevalence of Lyme disease spirochaetes in a heterothermic mammal, the Edible dormouse (Glis glis). Appl Environ Microbiol 80:3615–3621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Richter D et al (2011) Reservoir competence of various rodents for the Lyme disease spirochaete Borrelia spielmanii. Appl Environ Microbiol 77:3565–3570PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany