Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Schistosomatidae

  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_4487

Name

Greek: schizein = splitting; soma = body

This family of digenetic trematodes includes two subfamilies:
  1. 1.

    Schistosomatinae (including the species in humans and vertebrates) (Table 1)

     
  2. 2.

    Bilharziellinae (including the species of birds) (Table 2)

     
Schistosomatidae, Table 1

Important species in vertebrate animals – some may also occur in humans

Species

Size ♀ mm

Intermediate host: snails

Final hosts

Schistosoma bovis

12–32

Bulinus spp.

Cattle, sheep, camels, rodents, monkeys, man

S. curassoni

15–25

Bulinus spp.

Ruminants

S. indicum

10–25

Indoplanorbis spp.

Ruminants, cames

S. spindale

10–16

Indoplanorbis spp.

Ruminants

S. nasale

10–12

Indoplanorbis spp.

Ruminants

Orientobilharzia turkestania

8–10

Lymnaea spp.

Ruminants, horses, camels

Heterobilharzia americana

10–18

Lymnaea spp.

Racoons, lynx, roe deer, dog, opossum

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Further Readings

  1. Tolstenkov OO et al (2012) The neuromuscular system in freshwater furcocercaria: Schistosomatidae. Parasitol Res 110:185–193PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany