Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Schmallenberg Virus

  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_4315
After the spreading of the  blue tongue virus epidemics (serotype 8) in most European countries in the years 2006–2009 being transmitted by midges (e.g.,  Culicoides obsoletus and other Culicoides species) and killing ~4 % of infected cattle, up to 80 % of sheep in 18 countries in Central Europe were hit in the years 2011 and 2012 by the occurrence of the so-called Schmallenberg virus. This virus was named by the German Central Institute for Animal Health after a small town in western Germany and identified as a member of the Simbu serogroup of the so-called Orthobunya viruses. This virus introduced only mild symptoms in adult cattle, sheep, and goats, but led to severe damages in fetuses and/or newborn animals of these ruminants. Although there was no risk for human health, severe losses in farm animals led to a significantly enhanced observation and establishment of similar methods like the fight against the  blue tongue virusepidemics. These methods of isolation of infected animals...
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Further Readings

  1. Ducomble T et al (2013) Lack of evidence for Schmallenberg virus infection in highly exposed persons. Emerg Infect Dis 2012:10–15Google Scholar
  2. Hoffmann B et al (2012) Novel Orthobunya virus in cattle in Europe 2011. Emerg Infect Dis 2012:8–14Google Scholar
  3. Mehlhorn H et al (2009) Entomological survey on vectors of Bluetongue virus in Northrhine-Westfalia (Germany) during 2007 and 2008. Parasitol Res 105:321–329Google Scholar
  4. Wernicke et al (2013) Inactivated Schmallenberg virus prototype vaccines. Vaccine 31:3558–3563Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für ZoomorphologieZellbiologie und Parasitologie, Heinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany